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The E-Sylum:  Volume 2, Number 31, August 1, 1999, Article 7

MINT OR NATIONAL MEDALS  

   From the New Netherlands Coin Co. 36th Catalogue, 
   January 26th, 1952:  "During the early years of the Republic, 
   Congress authorized the striking of medals to suitably 
   award various individuals for their distinguished national 
   service.  The first of these was the famous "Washington 
   Before Boston" medal which is generally listed under the 
   Washington series.  The great majority of the medals 
   authorized and struck commemorated heroes of the 
   Revolution and the War of 1812-15.  Original impressions 
   are rare, several extremely so.  

   In 1855, it was decided to manufacture "Restrikes" in 
   bronze, at the Philadelphia mint, for sale to collectors and 
   other interested individuals.  This reflected a practice long 
   prevalent at the Paris mint.  Unfortunately, all the original 
   dies were not available, and commencing in 1861, imitation 
   or replica dies were cut in Philadelphia so as to complete 
   the series.  Early restrikes or impressions, of the Civil War 
   period and later, can easily be distinguished by a "Bronzed" 
   appearance.  Late strikings imitate European practices and 
   the examples available in recent years, at the Philadelphia 
   mint, have a yellowish bronze appearance." 

  Wayne Homren, Editor

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