Thank you again for another fascinating installment of the E-Sylum. I just had to jump in on this weeks issue regarding edge reeding. My friend Dick Johnson made a comment which no longer is true. He wrote:
Other than a blank wall aperture forming a smooth edge coin reeding is the only edge treatment where this can occur. Obviously, lettering or any edge ornamentation, or even diagonal lines cannot be ejected in a coining press.
I could bring up designs applied under collar struck reeding, such as the British colonial coin edges, where the security marking are applied during the rimming operation and are not obliterated during striking. But I am sure Dick is more than aware of these pieces and was not referring to this type of operation.
However, in direct reference to his comment, the Japan Mint has released a 500 yen nickel-brass coin that is produced using helical reeding. This diagonally oriented reeding is contained in the collar which forms the coin edge upon striking. The ejection of this coin requires a new advance in coin press technology which allows the coining collar to rotate as the die pushes the coin out of the collar.
One must remember to visualize the coin that is struck is locked into the devices of the die and this in turn (pun intended) serves as the drive dog for removing the coin.
I realize that the term drive dog may be unknown to many of your readers - it is a machine tool term. A drive dog is a device that transfers rotary movement of the machine to the workpiece, in this case the rotary movement of the ratcheting ejection to the coin. If the face of the anvil die were blank, there would be no tooth to transfer the rotation to the finished coin.
Dick Johnson writes:
I was unaware of that coin press technology that ejects a diagonal reeded coin. I am starved to learn more about it. Tell me everything you know about it! Is that Japanese coin the first? Was this developed privately or at one of the Japanese mints? I can indeed imagine how this works. Clever of the Japanese to invent it.
Timothy Grat responded:
The Japanese Mint did develop the technology themselves. They are using Schuler MRH150s, same as the US Mint. They are running these ratcheting collars at just over 700 strokes per minute! I will grab a still shot of the collar off some video of the Japanese Mint that my partner Sean has. No use in grabbing a still of the striking, because at 715 SPM the camera didn't see much! The 500 yen piece is the only coin I know of thus far that has this edge. I can only imagine there were test pieces, but this is the first production piece. These are the same pieces that have the latent imaging and the micro-dot technology as well...show-offs!
Here's an image that shows the collar itself. This image was taken by Sean Moffatt at his visit to the Japanese Mint during the 22nd Mint Directors Conference in Osaka.
Dick Johnson adds:
This is fabulous coining technology information! You have taught me something I didn't know. This will likely be news to E-Sylum subscribers as well.
Wayne Homren, Editor
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