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In 1847, the Kingdom of Hawai'i, under the reign of King Kamehaheha III, issued its first official coinage -- a large one-cent copper penny -- to alleviate the chronic shortage of small denomination coins circulating in the Hawaiian Islands. The next and last official coinage of the Hawaiian Islands was minted in 1883, by King Kalbkaua I; however during the intervening period, the change needs of the Hawaiian Islands were met by circulating private-issued tokens and the coins of the United States of America.
Following is a list of known coins and tokens issued by the Kingdom of Hawai'i and various business concerns during the period of 1847 and 1891, with allied Medcalf & Russell numbers:
Wayne Homren, Editor
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