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The E-Sylum: Volume 12, Number 38, September 20, 2009, Article 30

CACHE OF COINS FROM THE BAR-KOKHBA JEWISH REVOLT FOUND

Arthur Shippee forwarded this item from The Explorator newsletter. I wasn't able to squeeze it into last last's issue, but here it is. Thanks! -Editor

Bar-Kokhba revolt hoard The largest cache of rare coins ever found in a scientific excavation from the period of the Bar-Kokhba revolt of the Jews against the Romans has been discovered in a cave by researchers from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and Bar-Ilan University.

The coins were discovered in three batches in a deep cavern located in a nature reserve in the Judean hills. The treasure includes gold, silver and bronze coins, as well as some pottery and weapons.

The discovery was made in the framework of a comprehensive cave research and mapping project being carried out by Boaz Langford and Prof. Amos Frumkin of the Cave Research Unit in the Department of Geography at the Hebrew University, along with Dr. Boaz Zissu and Prof. Hanan Eshel of the Martin (Szusz) Department of Land of Israel Studies and Archaeology at Bar-Ilan University, and with the support of the Israel Nature and Parks Authority.

The some 120 coins were discovered within a cave that has a "hidden wing," the slippery and dangerous approach to which is possible only via a narrow opening discovered many years ago by Dr. Gideon Mann, a physician who is one of the early cave explorers in modern Israel. The opening led to a small chamber which in turn opens into a hall that served as a hiding place for the Jewish fighters of Bar-Kokhba.

Most of the discovered coins are in excellent condition and were overstruck as rebels' coins on top of Roman coins. The new imprints show Jewish images and words (for example: the facade of the Temple in Jerusalem and the slogan "for the freedom of Jerusalem"). Other coins that were found, of gold, silver and bronze, are original Roman coins of the period minted elsewhere in the Roman Empire or in the Land of Israel.

Dr. Zissu points out that one of the fascinating aspects of the Bar-Kokhba revolt is the intensive use of the rebels and Jewish refugees of natural and man-made caves as hiding and refuge places in the face of extensive Roman search-and-destroy missions. Those who fled to the caves took with them food, weapons, drinks, coins and various documents. Sometimes they even took with them the keys to their houses that they abandoned in the hope that one day they would be able to return to them.

Apparently, the people who left behind the cache of coins that has now been found did so during the period of the revolt, following their flight from their homes or from battle with the Romans; however they were unable to return to their hiding place to recover their valuables.

To read the complete article, see: Largest-ever collection of coins from Bar-Kokhba revolt found (http://www.physorg.com/news171711638.html)

This article has some great photos of the exploration of the cave and recovery of the coins and artifacts: Bar-Kochba Treasure Discovered in Judean Hills (www.israelnationalnews.com/News/News.aspx/133354)

What a timely find - I thought it would be a great opportunity to use the new Whitman book on overstruck coins, until I realized that David MacDonald's book is on overstruck GREEK coins. Perhaps another book is in the works to cover overstruck ROMAN coins. If so, stop the presses! - be sure to include this hoard. -Editor


Wayne Homren, Editor

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