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V13 2010 INDEX       E-SYLUM ARCHIVE

The E-Sylum: Volume 13, Number 15, April 11, 2010, Article 20

THE EDDYSTONE MEDAL

The field of medal collecting is fascinating for a number of reasons, one of which is the seemingly endless variety of reasons for their issuance. A BBC news article this week introduced me to one use I'd never heard of. -Editor

Eddystone Medal A rare medal which protected the bearer from being sent to serve at sea by Royal Navy press gangs has gone on display at a Cornish museum.

The Eddystone medals were given to 18th Century lighthouse builders to prove they were exempt from going to war.

They were commissioned in 1757 by John Smeaton, who oversaw the construction of the third Eddystone lighthouse, which now stands on Plymouth Hoe.

At the time Britain was fighting the French in North America.

Only a small number of the solid silver medals were made and they were given to men working on the new lighthouse as a sign that they were doing important and skilled work and were to be left alone by the press gangs.

The medal bears an inscription in Latin which relates to the destruction of the previous Eddystone Lighthouse in a fire.

It reads: "Consumed by fire December 6th 1755. Restored on the rock (it is hoped immovable) by virtue and the auspices of Robert Weston benefactor 1757. John Smeaton, Architect."

Sarah Riddle, curator at the National Maritime Museum Cornwall in Falmouth, said: "We believe that this medal is unique.

"It brings to life the torment of the press gangs, who would drag men to war during the 1700s."

The medal, which is normally on display in Plymouth, forms part of an exhibition on lighthouses at the museum.

To read the complete article, see: Rare lighthouse medal goes on display in Cornwall (news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/england/cornwall/8607811.stm)

Wayne Homren, Editor

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