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The Numismatic Bibliomania Society is a non-profit organization promoting numismatic literature. For more information please see our web site at


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You won't regret it!

Volume 12, Number 31, August 2, 2009


Wayne Homren Among our recent subscribers is Tony Swicer, courtesy of John and Nancy Wilson, Welcome aboard! We now have 1,238 subscribers.

If you're having trouble reading the current issue, try the web archive copy:

This week's issue has three themes, none of which was planned. First, numismatic literature dealers are dropping like flies and three of them will not be attending the upcoming ANA convention in Los Angeles. The second theme is counterfeiting, in the form of three book announcements. Lastly, we have two new books with saloon tokens on the cover and a reminiscence involving dealer Bill Christensen's favorite watering hole. What is it about numismatists and saloons?

As noted this is a big week for the Numismatic Bibliomania Society - several events are planned for the Los Angeles convention. I can't be there either, but hope everyone has a great time. Please do report back for next week's E-Sylum.

In the news, the big story this week concerns the ten confiscated 1933 double eagles. Other topics include the updated PCGS site, St. Patrick coinage in North Carolina, a medal made in Paris to honor a Confederate General, and the Odessa Numismatic Museum.

To learn about Gold Brick Archimedes, a numismatic souvenir of the 1906 San Francisco earthquake and the giant sculptured head of Samuel Lachman, read on. Have a great week, everyone!

Wayne Homren
Numismatic Bibliomania Society


Fred Lake of Lake Books forwarded this information about his most recent sale and an upcoming milestone. -Editor
Fred Lake The prices realized list for our sale #99 which closed on July 28, 2009 is now available for viewing on our web site at:

When you reach that page click on the year "2009" and you will find sale #99 and the two options for viewing the list (PDF or Word).

Our thanks to those who participated in this sale and we are presently cataloguing our 100th sale which will feature selections from the library of J. Roger Persichilli. That sale will have an early October date.


Two numismatic literature dealers are out sick and unable to attend the upcoming ANA convention as planned. Get well soon! I also understand that Charlie Davis will not have a table at this year's show either, putting three numismatic literature dealers on the sideline for the convention. -Editor

David Fanning writes:
I have come down with pneumonia, and as a result will be unable to attend this week’s ANA Convention. I had really been looking forward to this year’s show, and it’s a big disappointment to have to miss it. I had been planning on bringing a small, but select, group of material with me to sell out of my briefcase.

A 6-page mini-catalogue ("The Briefcase") had been written, describing those items I’d have with me. That catalogue is now posted in Word and PDF format on the David F. Fanning Numismatic Literature Web site at, and the items are available for sale on a first-come, first-served basis.

Highlights include some very rare early Mint Reports in folio, Dr. Benjamin Rush’s eulogy of David Rittenhouse, and some British government documents relating to counterfeit coppers. Don’t delay in ordering — though please understand that there will be some delay in mailing. Thanks!

Yesterday morning dealer John H. Burns called me to cancel his planned E-Sylum ANA announcement; he too is out sick and unable to travel to Los Angeles. We wish our best to Dave and John, and hope both are back on their feet soon. Be well everyone, and enjoy the show. -Editor


It’s that time of year again! The ANA World’s Fair of Money convention will be held this week in Los Angeles. Here’s another look at the planned NBS events. Numismatic Bibliomania Society President John Adams writes: Q. David Bowers
Our NBS Symposium is at 11:30 am on August 6th. Our speaker, Dave Bowers, will be talking on his latest book, the Whitman Encyclopedia of Colonial and Early American Coins.

He will be telling us how he researched the book and brought it to such a successful fruition. The field of colonials has been so heavily researched that adding value to the subject was a special challenge. Dave will be assisted by Dennis Tucker of Whitman.

Other NBS events at the upcoming American Numismatic Association convention are listed on our web site at

NBS Club Table
Aug 5-Aug 9
American Numismatic Association World's Fair of Money
Los Angeles, CA
Manned by Howard A. Daniel III

NBS Board Meeting
Thursday, August 6, 2009
NBS Board Meeting (open to the public)
American Numismatic Association World's Fair of Money
1:00 pm in Room 511A of the
Los Angeles Convention Center, Los Angeles, CA

NBS Numismatic Literature Symposium
Thursday, August 6, 2009
NBS Numismatic Literature Symposium
American Numismatic Association World's Fair of Money
11:30 pm on 8/6 in room 511A of the
Los Angeles Convention Center, Los Angeles, CA.

NBS General Membership Meeting
Friday, August 7, 2009
NBS General Membership Meeting
American Numismatic Association World's Fair of Money
11:30 am on 8/7 in Room 510 of the
Los Angeles Convention Center, Los Angeles, CA

Meeting agenda:
  • John Adams introduces the new NBS president -- Dan Hamelberg
  • Review the elected board members and vote on three new members to bring the board up to nine.
  • New best article award presentation
  • New / Old business for the NBS which will include the Secretary/Treasurer's report and any new ideas or information coming out of the board meeting from the previous day.
  • Special guest speaker
  • Annual Fund-raising Auction
  • Closing remarks


Last week (July 21st) there was an announcement from the ANA that affects numismatic literature buyers. The ANA's MoneyMarket shop, which offers numismatic books and supplies to collectors, is now being operated on ANA's behalf by Wizard Coin Supply. -Editor
WizardLogo Wizard Coin Supply of Chantilly, Virginia, will take over operations of the American Numismatic Association MoneyMarket, direct mail and online store operations on an interim basis, ANA Executive Director Larry Shepherd announced today.

Under a four-month interim agreement, effective July 15, Wizard will provide customer contact, fulfillment and product handling of all direct mail and online supply and book sales.

The ANA started its MoneyMarket catalog operation in 1986 and later expanded it to include an online store. Due to rising postage and printing costs, however, the ANA would have been required to invest significant amounts of money into software and other resources to stay competitive and, instead, sought an agreement with a company better prepared to efficiently run its direct mail and online store operation.

"We are very pleased that Wizard Coin Supply will take over our MoneyMarket operations," said Shepherd. "For years, our members have purchased numismatic supplies and books through MoneyMarket. We expect Wizard will be able to provide the best-possible customer service and the same – if not better – selection of merchandise. Everyone wins."

Orders can still be placed online at at MoneyMarket, which will redirect customers to the Wizard Coin Supply online store at ANA members also can continue to call the MoneyMarket number at 1-800—467-5725, which will transfer them to Wizard Coin Supply for sales and customer service.

"We are pleased that the ANA has chosen to work with Wizard," said Wizard owner Wayne Herndon. "We look forward to bringing our expansive product selection, exceptional customer service and competitive pricing to MoneyMarket customers."

To read the complete press release, see: Wizard Coin Supply to Operate ANA MoneyMarket Enterprise (


George Fuld forwarded this note about his new book on the Washington pattern coinage of Peter Getz. -Editor
Fuld Peter Getz My new book, "The Washington Pattern Coinage of Peter Getz" will be released at the ANA Convention this week. The book lists in detail the known copies of the Silver Getz half-dollar, the Getz 1792 copper "cents" and the related 1797 Getz Masonic medal. Virtually every coin listed is shown in color with detailed pedigrees on each.

Although estimates of the number known of the Getz issues have been estimated widely, we have been able to trace probably twice as many pieces as previously estimated. We have located 22 different Silver Getz 1792 half-dollars, 55 different Copper 1792 "cents" and 20 different Baker 288 1797 Getz Masonic medals. Early estimates of the number of Getz copper issues were that about 100 were struck. This is obviously quite low as a retention of over fifty percent of a two hundred year old issue is quite improbable. Certainly we have not located all known Getz survivors and would welcome hearing from collectors who might have an unlisted specimen.

Two chapters in the book cover two new aspects of Getz material. There is a thorough discussion of the unique Getz silver large eagle (Baker 23). It is condemned as a non-contemporary production from about 1850.

Also, the new numismatic story of the Washington Ladle is presented. The story behind the 1797 presentation of the buffalo horn ladle by George Washington to Francis Preston is detailed. The ladle had in its bowl a silver specimen of the Getz Masonic medal dated 1797.

The book has two different versions. A soft bound copy and a limited number of hard bound issues are available. There is a prepublication price for copies ordered by October 15, 2009. Books may be ordered from George F. Kolbe, P O Drawer 3100, Crestline, CA 92325-3100.

Special Discounted Price
For orders received by October 15, 2009
❏ Spiral-Bound Edition $75.00 per Copy Postpaid in USA
❏ Cloth-Bound Edition $110.00 per Copy Postpaid in USA

Regular Retail Price
For orders received by October 15, 2010
❏ Spiral-Bound Edition $100.00 per Copy Postpaid in USA
❏ Cloth-Bound Edition $135.00 per Copy Postpaid in USA

California Residents Please Add 8.75% Sales Tax


Karl Moulton forwarded this press release about the publication of his latest book. He adds: "I will have a draft available for review with me next week at the ANA convention if anyone would like to look it over. I'll definitely be at the NBS meeting and symposium." -Editor
John J. Ford's 1950s Correspondence and The "Franklin Hoard" will have over 500 pages of fascinating information.

Hundreds of pages of Ford's letters offer a personal and unique insight into American numismatics. Ford's activities and adventures with tokens, medals, currency, CSA material, numismatic literature, and counterfeits are examined in detail. Then there are the Western Americana items that came from Paul Franklin. In 1952, Franklin sold Ford an 1860 Parsons $20 gold bar. What followed next is a convoluted story. As Ford stated in his 1967 P.N.G. document, "We had a good thing going".

For the first time, the "Franklin Hoard" material, marketed from 1952 to 1981, is classified and listed as such. There is also a comprehensive accounting of what was known and recorded in numismatic channels prior to 1950.

The Ford/Franklin partnership handled dozens of previously unknown pieces, and you will find out who probably made these items, how they were marketed, whom they were sold to, and which ones may have been melted, along with the reasons why.

In-depth research reveals contradictory information from Ford regarding the S.S. Brother Jonathan gold bars, the Bowie Half Eagles, the F.D. Kohler bars, and the recently condemned "Transfer Die Forgeries" of the 1853 U.S.A.O.G. Proof Double Eagles.

Plus, there are over 50 plates (most in color) and many of these pieces have seldom been seen

Pre-publication price is $350 (good until October 1, 2009). Then the price goes to $395.

The book will be hardbound, and limited to just 250 copies. To order, contact the author at


In a related vein, a new non-numismatic book tells an interesting cautionary tale of how thoroughly talented and enterprising fakers can fool an entire community of experts, along the way inventing new collectibles together with an invented documentary history to back them up. This review appeared in last Sunday's Washington Post - here are some excerpts. -Editor
Salisbury Provenance There's another sentiment that can sneak up on you. I was reminded of it while reading Laney Salisbury and Aly Sujo's well-crafted tale of British con artist John Drewe. I'd expected to despise the psychopath at the center of what Scotland Yard called the biggest art fraud of the 20th century. But somehow, from the first page, he got me to drop my guard. Drewe, for all his odious ambitions, is ingenious, persuasive, even brilliant. As I was pulled deeper into his deceptions, I couldn't help admiring this creep.

In "Provenance," Salisbury and Sujo untangle Drewe's elaborate scheme that put more than 200 counterfeit works on the market between 1986 and 1995. What's fascinating about his story is his inventiveness in faking the paintings' provenances. Drewe ginned up receipts for prior purchases; he created catalogs for exhibitions that never took place; he even fabricated records for restoration work that the supposedly decades-old paintings had required over the years. In a master stroke, he smooth-talked his way into the archives of the Tate Gallery, where he inserted some of his phony documents into the files. Experts rummaging about in the archives to certify a work's authenticity would find much to lead them astray.

Drewe could have accomplished none of this without a skilled forger. He found the perfect dupe in John Myatt, a down-on-his-luck artist living alone with his two small kids in a rundown farmhouse in England. For at least £150 each, Myatt was turning out "genuine fakes" -- reproductions clearly sold as such -- of works by Monet, Turner and Matisse. His world changed when Dr. John Drewe phoned him. In an upper-class accent, Drewe told Myatt he was a lecturer in nuclear physics and a consultant to the ministry of defense. He would also claim to others to be a descendant of the earl of York, a historian of the Nazi era, an army lieutenant, a weapons expert and a hang glider. None of it was true. Yet blessed with a prodigious memory, Drewe was able to pose convincingly.

For nearly a decade, the pair faked work by artists such as Alberto Giacometti, Ben Nicholson, Georges Braque and Nicolas de Staël. The fraud was perpetuated by eager salesmen, greedy -- or misguided -- dealers, inattentive auction houses, unwitting art lovers and gullible archivists. It finally unraveled thanks in part to the keen eye and persistence of Mary Lisa Palmer, director of the Giacometti Association. Scotland Yard detectives went to work and brought Drewe and Myatt to trial. In court, Drewe sat impeccably dressed, popping chocolate bonbons into his mouth.

To read the complete article, see: A Connoisseur Who Conned the Art World (


The Scientist published a nice review of a book that should be of great interest to numismatists - Newton and the Counterfeiter by Thomas Levenson. The book chronicles the great scientist's work at the Royal Mint and his dogged quest to fight for the integrity of Britain's coinage. -Editor
Levenson Newton and the Counterfeiter Everyone knows the story about Sir Isaac Newton's run-in with an apple. But when you read Newton and the Counterfeiter by Thomas Levenson, you realize that there was more to the man than an extraordinary understanding of physics and philosophy. The book tells the story of how, in the author's words: "Newton, only months removed from the life of a Cambridge philosopher, managed incredibly swiftly to master every dirty job required of the seventeenth century version of a big-city cop."

What makes the story spellbinding is not just that Newton managed this transformation, but that in doing so he came up against a criminal mastermind who has few equals -- even in fiction -- for his imaginative brazenness. In 1695 the British government sought out Newton's opinion on troubling financial matters, and although his advice was for the most part disregarded, he ended up being appointed Warden of the English Mint that year.

The greatest mind of the 17th (or arguably any) century found himself in a position to use his superior mental powers to study and rectify the problems of England's Mint. Once he'd improved the manufacture of the King's coin by adding eight new rolling mills and five new coin presses to the Mint, his attention turned to the country's counterfeiters. This is when Newton morphed into a master sleuth, building a network of spies and informers in London's underworld, never hesitating to wade into unsavory, dangerous territory. His mania for detail helped him in matching wits with one of the most inventive criminals of the age, one William Chaloner.

Newton's careful records left Levenson a remarkably clear trail, for being written almost four centuries ago. Adding to the author's storytelling arsenal was an anonymous biography of Chaloner written shortly after his execution in 1698.

Levenson's pace and timing rival those of the best crime story authors. He has written a real page-turner, perfect for a long afternoon's engagement with the hammock or whiling away a long airport layover.

Newton and the Counterfeiter, by Thomas Levenson, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Boston, 2009. ISBN: 978-0-151-01278-7. 336 pp. $25.00.

To read the complete article, see: Newton the gumshoe (

Has anyone seen this book yet? Care to write a review for The E-Sylum? How does it compare to Newton at the Mint by John Craig? -Editor


Holabird Coins of the Comstock Fred Holabird kindly sent me a printout of his newest book, Coins of the Comstock - The Pioneer Minor Coinage of Virginia City and the Comstock. It's a very readable and well illustrated 90-page book. The tokens and ingots produced by Virginia City, Nevada area merchants are shown in color alongside contemporary black and white photos of the town and its businesses. It has a four-page index listing merchants and topics alphabetically.

The book's Introduction sets the stage with a short discussion of the Comstock Lode, "one of the greatest and largest ore deposits ever discovered".
People from all over the world came to California and Nevada to seek their fortunes, find stable and better paying jobs and improve their way of life. With people came the need for money. Without it, people traded in the local commodity - gold. Coinage of all denominations was needed, but not provided. So the merchants had their own made.

This book tells part of the story about the west's need for pocket change, and how people, merchants and the Federal Government adapted to meet those needs. The chapters on Virginia City merchants who used pioneer minor coinage help bring to life the companies and people of the period.

Call me a purist, but I'm in the camp of those who would object to Fred's use of the word "coin" in reference to these pieces. He addresses this choice on page 2:
The terms "coin" and token can be used interchangeably. Some purists consider a coin an item of government issue. This is a new age definition. In a review of five major dictionaries, including Oxford, Webster and Encyclopedia Britannica, only two of these references include the government tie to the word.

Regardless of the reader's opinion about the use of the term "token", the book remains a wealth of information about a previously obscure topic. Fred has dug into original source materials such as city directories, contemporary newspapers and historical society photo archives to compile a handy one-stop guide to the history behind the issuers of these rare and interesting souvenirs of the Old West. (There - I wrote "souvenirs", not "tokens", though it pained me to do so...)

The Crystal token Fred notes that while books exist on tokens from each of the western states, few of them list verifiable dates of issue. In a footnote he mentions Russ Rulau's book United States Trade Tokens, 1700-1900 but notes information on the western pieces was lacking at the time it was printed. His research helps narrow down specific timeframes for the issuance of the tokens, which he divided into pre- and post-1900 periods.

Other sections of the book's Introduction introduce the reader to key collecting aspects such as shapes, sizes, denominations, condition and popular collecting areas and categories including saloon tokens, ghost towns, billiards and pool tokens, cigar store tokens, pictorial pieces, Indian trader tokens, military tokens and water tokens.

The remainder of the book is divided into city listings - Virginia City, Gold Hill, Silver City and Jumbo. City listings are further divided as needed into individual businesses and in some cases divided yet again by proprietors of the business. Even in today's Internet age, compiling this information is a lengthy and painstaking process, and the results are neatly displayed here in a Proprietor Chronology for each token.

Some of the illustrations can be hard to read, but this is due to the extreme rarity of some of the pieces - high grade pieces are often unobtainable or just don't exist. In many cases, the only surviving examples were dug from the ground in ghost towns. The Klaus and Sazerac Saloon tokens on page 36 and 37 are typical examples of these. Thankfully I can report that most of the illustrations are quite usable.

Fat Boy Cigars token It's easy for those unfamiliar with the series to dismiss these important numismatic items. As is often the case in numismatics, these artifacts are the only tangible record of the existence of the issuing establishment, and most are quite rare today. For example, less than ten examples of the Fat Boy Cigar token are recorded, and the One Shave token illustrated on p70 is unique.

City Bakery token Other than the token vs coin question my quibbles with the book are minor. I noted a few typos (such as "exsists" on p50, "Van Ryzn" instead of "Van Ryzin" in a page 6 footnote, and a stray comma in the name of James King of William on page 79).

Coins of the Comstock is a well researched and presented book, a nice addition to the literature of American numismatics, and available at an unbeatable price. Fred tells me the book will be available at the ANA in Los Angeles for a special price of $5, or $20 for his Saloon token book together with Coins of the Comstock.


Schenkman, West Virginia Merchant Tokens The latest work published by the Token and Medal Society is West Virginia Merchant Tokens by Dave Schenkman. This hefty 500+ page book is bound in maroon cloth.

Based on the collection of the late Jim Thompson, an avid collector of the series, together with the research assistance of Donald Clifford and some forty other West Virginia token enthusiasts, Dave's book fills a long-empty gap in the token book series.

Like the other Token and Medal society volumes, the book catalogs the known merchant tokens of the state, arranged alphabetically by town name. Within towns, tokens are listed alphabetically by company or merchant name. Maintaining consistency is a tough challenge when faced with many tokens that include both a company and merchant name, and many others sporting only initials that may or may not have a known attribution. Regardless, the nineteen page index makes finding a particular token a fairly simple task.

Black and white illustrations are throughout the book, with most pages picturing one or two tokens. No, the tokens aren't ALL illustrated, but even if that weren't a herculean task, picturing them all would expand the book to a multi-volume set.

Also keeping the book to a manageable size is the editorial decision not to include coal mining company tokens, which are catalogued elsewhere. For the same reason, transportation tokens and Civil War store card tokens are excluded as well. The book's focus is merchant trade tokens in use from the end of the Civil War to the 1960s. This approach excludes car wash and parking tokens, wooden nickels and food stamp tokens, since these are of more recent issue.

Congratulations to Dave and the Token and Medal Society for another great publishing effort.

The book lists for is $55 plus $5 shipping. The TAMS member price is $44 plus $5 shipping. Quantity prices are available. Checks should be payable to TAMS and orders sent to:

Mark Lighterman
5224 State Rd. 46, #408
Sanford, FL 32771

Dave Schenkman adds:
Those not members of TAMS might consider joining now to take advantage of the members’ discount. For additional information or to get a membership brochure, contact me at .


DAVID F. FANNING NUMISMATIC LITERATURE has had to cancel its attendance at this year's ANA show, but the mini-catalogue of what they were bringing is available at , and this small but select group of items remains for sale. Check it out!


This story was all over the wire services on Saturday, but for those who may not have seen it yet, here are some excerpts. The family of Izzy Switt, the Philadelphia jeweler who held at least ten examples of the 1933 Double Eagle got some good news from the judge ruling on their case against the U.S. Mint. But the final curtain hasn't fallen on this drama yet, so stay tuned. -Editor
1933_double_eagle_obv A judge in Philadelphia has ruled that the federal government must return 10 extremely rare gold coins to the family of a late Center City jeweler or outline its case for keeping them in a forfeiture filing.

U.S. District Judge Legrome Davis issued the ruling Tuesday in the case of the 10 1933 "double eagle" gold coins, which experts say could fetch millions at auction. The lawyer representing the family said the coins are thought to be the most valuable gold coins in the world.

The federal government seized the coins in 2004 when the daughter and grandsons of the late jeweler Israel Switt brought them to the U.S. Mint to be authenticated.

Joan Langbord and her sons Roy and David contended in a court filing that the seizure was illegal.

"The Langbord family reserved all their rights to the coin, and the government said it was government property stolen in the 1930s from the U.S. Mint and therefore they had a right to take it," said the family's attorney, Barry Berke.

"The judge said what the government did was a violation of the Fourth and Fifth Amendments," Berke said.

Michael White, a spokesman for the Mint, declined to comment yesterday because the case is still being litigated.

The Landbords' suit noted that in the previous seizure of another 1933 double eagle, the government split the proceeds with the owner after the coin sold for a record $7.59 million at a 2002 auction.

The suit also noted that the government allowed King Farouk of Egypt to own and export a 1933 double eagle in 1944 without questioning how it came into circulation.

To read the complete article, see: Judge says U.S. must return rare coins to Phila. family (

The Associated Press picked up on the news as well with another story. -Editor

The judge's order released Wednesday calls for the government to initiate a forfeiture hearing by Sept. 28. The hearing would likely amount to a trial in which the government would have to prove Switt's family never legally possessed them, a family lawyer said.

Lawyer Barry Berke argues that some coins could have left the Mint legally through a gold exchange program in place at the time that attracted jewelers like Switt.

"There was a period of time where it was permissible to exchange gold coins for gold bullion," said Berke, who represents Switt's daughter, Joan S. Langbord of Philadelphia, and her sons, Roy Advertisement Langbord of New York City and David Langbord of Virginia Beach, Va.

They say they found the coins in a safe deposit box in 2003, 13 years after Switt died.

To read the complete article, see: US Mint must seek court OK to keep rare 1933 coins (

Legal writer Alison Frankel, author of the book Double Eagle, published a commentary on the case in The AmLaw Litigation Daily on July 31st. -Editor
We've known Barry Berke at Kramer Levin Naftalis & Frankel for a long time. Long enough, in fact, to have heard Berke say many times that he'd rather be known for his outstanding white-collar criminal defense record than as the lawyer who made possible the sale of the most valuable coin in the world, a $7.59 million 1933 gold $20 piece.

But we have a particular interest in Berke's sideline in coin litigation. Forgive the shameless self-plugging, but in 2006, we published Double Eagle, a book about the amazing history that culminated in the sale of that 1933 coin. And as we learned in our reporting for that book, Berke is one helluva good coin lawyer.

Further evidence of that talent came on July 28, when Philadelphia federal district court judge Legrome Davis ruled that the U.S. government violated the constitutional rights of Berke's clients, the Langbord family, when it seized 10 1933 Double Eagles that had allegedly been stolen from the U.S. Mint in a heist orchestrated the Langbords' ancestor. Granting Berke's motion for summary judgment, the judge ordered the goverment to initiate a hearing to prove that the coins had been stolen.

The 1940s investigators concluded that all of the Double Eagles that got out of the Mint had passed through the hands of a Philadelphia jeweler named Israel Switt. Though the lead Secret Service investigator pressed for charges to be brought against Switt, the Philadelphia U.S. attorney said the statute of limitations had expired. Switt was never prosecuted for the theft of the coins from the Mint.

In 2005--after the auction of the $7.69 million coin--Switt's daughter and grandson miraculously "found" 10 1933 Double Eagles in a safe deposit box that had belonged to Switt. Switt's grandson, a law school graduate named Roy Langbord, hired Berke to figure out how to keep the coins in the family's possession, even though the government maintained they were contraband that had been stolen from the Mint.

Berke's canny strategy was to turn the coins over to the government, but only for purposes of authentication. Then when the government refused to give the coins back--as Berke surely knew it would--he sued, claiming the coins had been illegally seized from the Langbords. And though assistant U.S. attorneys in Philadelphia argued that the Langbord family had unclean hands, Judge Davis ruled that the Langbords' constitutional protections had been violated. Now the burden of proof lies on the government, which must establish that the Langbord coins were stolen--even though everyone connected with the coins' disappearance from the Mint and the initial investigation of the alleged theft is long dead.

Did we mention that we wrote a book about this case? Double Eagle makes for great beach reading!

To read the complete article, see: Kramer Levin Pulls Off Summary Judgment Against the Government in Million-Dollar Coin Hoard Case (

Here are links to some earlier E-Sylum articles on the topic. -Editor





Ralf W. Böpple of Stuttgart submitted this item on a numismatic literature publisher in Germany. -Editor
Battenberg Gietl Verlag

This could be an interesting source for numismatic bibliophiles: H. Gietl Verlag in Regenstauf / Germany has started a new label, Edition M&S, under which they publish smaller editions of very specialized numismatic and collecting topics.

Themes range from Roman numismatics to scrip, bonds, medals (Hamburg, Berlin, France), exonumia, paper money to historical postcards of US city views. Most titles are in German, but this usually does not stop the interested numismatist.

To visit the H. Gietl Verlag web site, see:

Airapetian Transcaucasion Banknotes Lehmann Damals in Amerika

For a publication in English, Airapetian / Gryckiewicz: Transcaucasian Banknotes, see .

Of special interest to the US readership might be the book by Holger Lehman which translates Once Upon a Time in America - Fascinating City Views and Stories on Historical Postcards: .


A new version of the old reliable web site was announced this week. Here are excerpts from the press release. -Editor
CoinFacts President Ron Guth explained the PCGS CoinFacts extraordinary content, "CoinFacts now offers the most extensive repository of information about United States coins anywhere on the Internet. It’s a multi-functional combination of numismatic encyclopedia, historical price guide and reference resources," said Ron Guth, President of CoinFacts, a division of Collectors Universe, Inc.

Along with dedicated pages for nearly 30,000 U.S. coins, CoinFacts members will have access to the PCGS Population Report, auction prices realized and an expanded price guide – three unique and indispensable tools for determining coin values – free with their membership. In addition to providing basic listings and mintage figures about coin types, users will find an expanded price guide for all coins in all grades; prices realized from all major auctions; survival and rarity estimates for all coins; a condition census for all coins; and relative rarity comparisons for all coins. Coins covered by PCGS CoinFacts content include all regular issue, proof, and commemorative United States Mint coins, and all Colonials, Patterns, and Territorial issues.

"This site will be a tremendous help for the identification and valuation of coins as well as for finding historical information. It will be a tremendous tool for anyone who wants to buy or sell coins," Guth added.

Originally launched in 1999, CoinFacts has expanded for its tenth anniversary to instantly provide an unprecedented amount of online information about U.S. coins ranging from Colonial and Territorial issues to circulation strikes, proofs, patterns and commemoratives. Each coin has its own page that includes photos, detailed information and hyperlinks to other pertinent facts and references.

The updated site also includes digital photographs with enlargement and zoom functions for most U.S. coins, including significant rarities.

"It’s taken years of hard work to create these many enhancements, but the results are extraordinary. And while PCGS CoinFacts has more numismatic information than any other internet resource, it is a work in progress with new information being added daily. I am especially excited about the expert narratives which are starting to appear for many important coins. I believe this will be the first place many collectors, dealers and novices go when they’re looking for specific information or simply want to casually browse the world’s largest online library of numismatic knowledge," said Guth.

So far so good. But the news that will most affect CoinFacts visitors was in the last sentence of the press release. -Editor
Access to all features on the all-new PCGS CoinFacts website will be available by subscription for $9.95 per month.

Gulp! That's nearly $120 bucks a year for a site people have gotten used to accessing for free. But as a fellow internet publisher I know how much effort goes into building these resources, and the publishers deserve some compensation. Ad revenue can only go so far.

The "old" site is still available, but it carries a note reading "Warning! This page is no longer updated. Go to the NEW PCGS CoinFacts for updated information." The page also pops up an ad inviting visitors to sign up for the new site.

I'm grateful that the old site is still available. Like many folks I've found it (and the Heritage site) are great resource for coin images when I'm building presentations for young numismatists or illustrating an E-Sylum item (with proper attribution, of course...)

If the owners continue to make the unupdated site available, then those who want occasional free access still have somewhere to go. Like, the industry is attempting to transition to a model where a lot of basic information is still made available for free, but advanced features like updated pricing and market intelligence is a paid service.

As I've said before, the market will determine the ultimate price pricing levels, but $9.95 a month seems reasonable for the dealers who use this information in their daily business. Collectors and researchers may have a harder time justifying the cost.

CoinFacts Founder and President Ron Guth is a longtime E-Sylum reader and contributor, so I asked him for his take on the transition. -Editor

Ron Guth writes:
Thanks for your comments on the new PCGS CoinFacts website. The differences between the old and the new CoinFacts are significant. The new PCGS CoinFacts includes the PCGS Price Guide and the PCGS Population Report, both of which are updated frequently (anywhere from once a day to once a week). We include images of some of the best coins in the world, some of which have never been seen and some of which may never appear on the market.

We also include Survival Estimates for all U.S. coins in all grades, MS-60 and better, and MS-65 and better. These are converted into Rarity Ratings which are then used to give Relative Rarity Rankings by Type and Series. We list a Condition Census for all U.S. Coins, including raw and certified examples (this is a favorite project of mine because the results are often surprising and unexpected).

The Auction Prices Realized is a big feature...we aggregate information from the major (and some minor) auction houses and update it as often as monthly. We include commentaries from experts, including personal insights, anecdotes, and special knowledge...basically a brain dump from some of the biggest names in the business.

To view these features, I invite everyone to take the free tour that we offer on our homepage at, where we present information on the 1909-S VDB Cent, the 1893-S Morgan Dollar, and the 1875 $10.

However, the biggest difference is this... whereas the old CoinFacts sat idle for nearly five years, the new PCGS CoinFacts benefits from my full-time attention, the support of Collector Universe's phenomenal IT staff, plus the continuing input of many individuals and organizations who have been so generous with their time and knowledge. PCGS CoinFacts is a work-in-progress. Unlike a book, the PCGS CoinFacts website is improved, expanded, updated, and (yes) corrected quickly and easily.

The old CoinFacts will remain available for an indefinite time, where we'll have some annoying ads promoting the new PCGS CoinFacts (understandably, we'd like to recoup some of the significant investment we have made, and will continue to make, in the new site).

Thanks for the opportunity to add to your comments. My hope is that everyone will "Buy the PCGS CoinFacts website before the coin." It's a tremendous value.

So, folks, be sure to check out the free tour and let us know what you think. And here's an analogy to think about. You could buy a copy of say, Breen's Encyclopedia of U.S. Coins once, and never shell out another dime to have the information at your fingertips. But as the months and years roll by, more and more of the information becomes obsolete.

For something updated more frequently, you could buy Whitman's Guide Book of United States Coins year after year (as so many of us have done our whole collecting lives). For still more frequent updates on pricing, you could subscribe to the classic weekly dealer Greysheet, a much more expensive proposition.

The new CoinFacts site is updated frequently and stays fresh. The annual cost is more than buying a yearly Redbook, but less than the Greysheet, and includes access to much more information than either, with high-resolution scalable images. How much is that worth to you? -Editor

To visit the new PCGS CoinFacts site, see:


The Salt Lake Tribune published an interview with Jason Kersten, author of the book The Art of Making Money about master counterfeiter Art Williams. -Editor
Kersten Art of Making Money New York City-based writer Jason Kersten is one of the happy breed of scribes lucky enough to turn a Rolling Stone assignment into a book, and may yet prove lucky enough to turn that into a full-length film, as his book has been optioned by Paramount Pictures.

For now, however, Kersten's content to talk about what he learned from Art Williams, one of the last of a dying breed of expert counterfeiters and the real-life central character of his book, The Art of Making Money.

Reared in a turbulent family where he was shuttled between an abusive father and mentally unstable mother, Williams' life was irrevocably changed at age 16 upon meeting an expert counterfeiter of U.S. currency bills, and his mother's boyfriend, in a man who dubbed himself "Da Vinci."

But unlike other criminal masterminds who counterfeit for profit alone, Kersten found that both Williams motivation and method of operation were personal, often bordering on ethical. After years spent perfecting a replica of the "1996 New Note" U.S. $100 bill and eventual imprisonment, Williams' criminal quest was more about redeeming and rebuilding a family life lost than "making" money.

When there is no money, it really threatens family connections and puts pressure on them in ways that people who grow up middle-class or upper-class cannot even conceive. Williams' first crime was robbing parking meters to get food. Anytime someone had money in his family there were people asking about it. It's almost a reductive quote, but without money people become animalistic. And once Williams perfected his counterfeit bill, it changed his relationship with all his family and friends. Suddenly they're vying to see who can go on a spending spree with him.

Now it's mostly kids with ink-jet scanners trying to pass bills off at McDonald's, with a lot of these cases tried in local courts. Guys like Art [Williams], who could defeat all the security measures are increasingly rare.

A guy like Bernie Madoff doesn't interest me. He's just a sort of raw, unbridled greed, and a mirror for greed in others. Guys like him are a dime a dozen. Art was never trying to get rich off his enterprise. He did it for his own sake, and was always aware that he wanted to get off of it. He had a code. He did not spend his money at mom-and-pop stores, he spent it at large chain stores and tried to keep it all [as] benign as possible.

To read the complete article, see: On the Money: Writer chronicles the dying breed of counterfeiter (


Dick Johnson submitted this report on his latest research trip. -Editor
I researched one day this week with associate Mark Schlepphorst in the Gorham Company archives at Brown University. We were both vitally interested in the medallic works of Victor David Brenner. Specifically, we wanted documentation of whether or not Gorham cast Brenner's 1907 plaque of Abraham Lincoln, and if so, when and how many.

Gaining entry to any archives requires advance application - contact with a director or staff member, providing a list of credentials, a statement of purpose and a little of your previous experience. I have boiled this all down to about five paragraphs, and even with that I only state some of the highpoints. For example, I have researched in dozens of libraries, archives and company records, but only listed four in my initial contact. I end with a boilerplate stock ending of my numismatic activity and recent accomplishments.

Even with that I bring with me a card wallet of membership cards and such in numismatic organizations, photocopy debit cards from some of the top research institutions (Library of Congress, U.S. Patent Office., others) The oldest card is from 1954 when I researched with Walter Breen at the National Archives in Washington DC (and I brought in one of the world's first portable photocopy machines) to copy Mint documents).

On arrival all institutions now want a picture ID. A driver's license will do. This was the first institution in my experience that kept the card while you are in the building. All others were satisfied with photocopying the card and returned it immediately.

A manuscript department assistant usually has a conversation with you at this time. Here again you have to state what you are seeking and a little of your previous research experience. I also toss out my wallet of numismatic credentials. If you have properly impressed the assistant he (or she) usually forgoes examining the contents of that wallet. But I have had some who looked at every card.

The first half of the day proved futile. One journal of Gorham customers -- which could possibly have given us our answer -- was missing the two pages for the 1907-1908 time period we wanted to view. Bad luck. Then our luck changed full circle.

Sam Hough walked up to our table. He was the one who saved the Gorham records from destruction. He gave us a little of the background. Textron purchased Gorham Company and the usual new management decision came down: destroy all the old records. A Gorham insider tipped off Sam, at that time a rare book librarian at Brown's John Hay Library. Sam rushed over to find some of the records already in the dumpster.

To shorten the story, he gathered three truck loads of Gorham records. The contents of those truck loads were weighed; nine tons of records were saved from destruction! He next spent 9 months organizing them, and writing a summary of their contents. We were handed his 2-volume "Finding Guide" when we first entered the reading room. He accomplished this hercularian task in record time (and has even given speeches to groups of professional archivists on how he did this).

Then Sam started bringing in boxes and drawers of records for us to examine -- and blowing our minds! I had brought with me a record of 103 medals made by Gorham. In one drawer alone was a photo file of 438 medals (and similar items) made by Gorham, each with a 4 or 5-line photo caption right on the photo.

With the next armload, he teased us, "Got to entertain you fellas." We were more than amazed, or entertained! We were overwhelmed! After a far too-brief a time examining this latest trove we had to stop. We had to get our photocopy orders in as it was approaching an hour before closing time. I learned long ago, never wait to the last minute to have staff do your photocopying. I can't wait to return.

Wow - what a great experience. It's amazing what great numismatic information is still out there waiting for the right researcher to come along and put it to good use. What other troves are out there waiting to be utilized? -Editor


Last week Robert Rightmire posted questions regarding sets of Stack's Ford sales. -Editor

George Kolbe writes:
Big E readers may be interesting in knowing that both gray and crimson leatherette (not leather) sets of the 21 John J. Ford, Jr. Collection sale catalogues will be offered in the January 9, 2010 public auction sale of the Stack's Family Library.

In my opinion, the price for complete softbound Ford sets is likely to drop over time as more and more sets enter the secondary market. Initially, four part sets of Bowers' Garrett Collection easily brought $75 or more; hardbound sets $150 or more.

I do not think, however, that the analogy will hold true for hardbound Ford sets since the special edition Garrett catalogues were bargain-priced and aggressively marketed while their Ford Collection counterparts were higher priced and less actively promoted.

I have no idea of edition runs of either hardbound version but "4-5 sets bound in grey leather (sic)" appears to be too low.

George Cuhaj writes:
When I was at Stack's from 1990-1994, we did hardbacks of a few special sales such as the Lovejoy Dimes, Floyd Starr, Herman Halpern US Paper Money and Reed Hawn sales (when the 1913 Nickel and 1804 dollar were in the same sale).

For some of the sales, like Lovejoy, I only remember ordering 5-6 white leather for Lovejoy family members and the company library. For other sales, like Halpern and Hawn, there were regular soft back catalogs, Hard Back Catalogs with the Prices Realized added in a hand tipped in envelope (distributed to bidders after the sale, with a numbered bookplate); and then Cloth Hard back (usually under 30), and leather hard back (usually under 10). I am sure collectors will see plenty of interesting stuff in the forthcoming sales of the (Company/Family) Library.

To read the earlier E-Sylum Ford article, see: ON BOUND SETS OF STACK'S JOHN J. FORD COLLECTION, 2003-2007 (

On a separate topic, George Kolbe adds:
The illustrations of the Adams editions gives the incorrect impression that both are the same size.

To read the earlier E-Sylum Adams article, see: ON THE ADAMS U.S. AUCTION CATALOGS BOOK REPRINT (


Len Augsberger has a nice article in the August 2009 issue of the Liberty Seated Collectors Club's electronic newsletter, The E-Gobrecht. With permission I've included some excerpts here. He tells an amusing story of garbled telephone messages, but the real meat for numismatic researchers is a reference to an 1859 biography by Henry Simpson of U.S. Mint engraver Christian Gobrecht. His article is titled Telephone Messages, Tony Turnover, and the "Gold Brick" Gobrecht Biography. -Editor

In the Gobrecht Journal, issue #101, I related the story of Charles Gobrecht Darrach (a grandson of Christian Gobrecht) and his research into his grandfather's work. Darrach published, in 1906, a biography of his grandfather, in the Pennsylvania Magazine of History of Biography. Another version of this biography appeared in the Numismatist, in 1911, and was unsigned. I speculated that Darrach was the author of both pieces, as there was some similarity between the two. A cryptic voicemail message has now served to unravel the puzzle.

On July 27th, my wife left me a note regarding a voice mail received from "Tony Turnover" regarding a "Gold Brick Archimedes." After much thought, I concluded that the message was from Tony Terranova, a well known dealer in early Americana, medals, and anything that he finds "interesting." As for the "gold brick Archimedes," I felt that this might be an specimen of Gobrecht's Archimedes medal (Julian AM-55) in gold. The Archimedes medal engraved by Gobrecht and issued by the New England Society for Promotion of Manufacturers and Mechanics in 1828, was unknown to me in gold.

Now, Mr. Terranova tends to know the full history on anything in his inventory, so it is good to do one's research before doing any negotiating. I jumped onto the Internet to find out what I could about this gold medal.

Along the way, I stumbled onto Google books and looked over "The Lives of Eminent Philadelphians," by Henry Simpson. The 1859 book contains a character sketch not only of Christian Gobrecht, but of many individuals connected with the early days of the Philadelphia Mint, including David Rittenhouse, Elias Boudinot, Robert Patterson & others. The full text of Simpson's book is available on Google books at:

The Gobrecht biography looked familiar, and a quick glance at the 1911 Numismatist revealed that the two pieces were identical. Thus, we can now credit Henry Simpson with the earliest Gobrecht biography, written 15 years after Gobrecht's death in 1844.

As Len noted, The Lives of Eminent Philadelphians includes biographical information not just on Gobrecht, but other connected with the early days of the Philadelphia Mint, including David Rittenhouse, Elias Boudinot and Robert Patterson. Here is an excerpt from the Gobrecht biography. -Editor

Simpson Lives of Eminent Philadelphians At an early age, Mr. Christian Gobrecht exhibited great mechanical ability, and evinced a taste for drawing and design; he was consequently apprenticed to a clockmaker living at Manheira, Lancaster County. His master, however, dying a short time after, he was released from his indenture, and, removing to Baltimore, pursued the course evidently marked out for him, guided by no other teacher but himself.

About the year 1811, Mr. Gobrecht removed permanently to Philadelphia, where his principal pursuit was that of a bank note writing engraver; he, however, as opportunities offered, engraved seals, calico printers' rolls, bookbinders' dies for embossing morocco, dies for striking brass ornaments for military equipments, and also executed several medals. In 1836, in consequence of the contemplated change in the devices on the American coin, he was appointed Die-sinker in the United States Mint, which office he filled until his death...

In addition to his skill as engraver, Mr. Gobrecht was no less ingenious in other branches. Although no performer on any instrument he was a scientific musician, and constructed two musical instruments on the principle of the melodeon, but long before that instrument was thought of. He also devised a speaking doll, about the time Maelze's puppets were exciting attention. A camera-lucida with steel mirrors, by which one part of the eye received, by reflection, the impression of the object, and another part the direct impression of the pencil and paper beneath, without the interposition of any foreign medium, was constructed by him, and is a neat and useful instrument.


Len Augsburger writes:
Regarding Coin World back issues, I saved them for a quite a few years and finally gave up. Today I tear the articles out as soon as I get them and file them into books and/or research folders. Of course, that presents a whole new set of problems - do I file Roger Burdette's latest article on the 1933 $20 in the Stack's/Sotheby's 1933 catalog, Alison Frankel's book, David Tripp's book, Michael Moran's book, my personal file on Secret Service activities related to the gold recall, the Redbook of Double Eagles, Akers' book on double eagle auction records, or Roger's Renaissance of American Coinage series? One thing is for sure - I will save it......somewhere!

In my early days as a software engineer at Bell Laboratories I voiced a similar complaint to one of my colleagues while filing an article related to some of the work I was doing. He had a practical solution - he would make photocopies of the article and put a copy in each relevant place in his files. When there are many places, an alternate strategy is to file the article itself in just one place, but put references to it in the other files, such as "see Roger Burdette's Renaissance book for August 2009 Coin World article". -Editor

Mark Borckardt writes:
I am sure many sets of Coin World, complete or incomplete, have been destroyed over the years. I had a partial set, about 90% complete from 1962 forward, when I lived in New Hampshire. The cost to move it to Louisiana in 2003 was prohibitive. In fact, the moving company wouldn’t take it!

Local auctioneer Steve Scofield of Centennial Auctions listed them by year in one of his sales, and received bids for some of the earlier years that were sent out to the successful bidders. The balance went to the recycling plant.

George Kolbe writes:
On an early visit to Jack Collins at his home in South Gate, California, a Los Angeles suburb in the heart of earthquake country, I was reminded upon entering his library (which doubled as his bedroom) of a scene from an Indiana Jones movie. Stacked on either side of of the doorway were seven foot stacks of huge thick volumes bound in black cloth. Yes, you guessed it - Jack had bought a bound set of Coin World at a local public library sale.

The stacks moved ever so slightly as I entered the room, or perhaps I imagined that. Two walls of the bedroom were lined with overflowing bookcases and a number of cardboard cartons of books and catalogues were on the bed (Jack stacked these at night on the floor before going to sleep).

Shrouded in plastic in a small clothes closet was the toreador outfit worn by Cantinflas in Around the World in Eighty Days. A relative of Jack's was in the movie business and gave it to Jack. For several years, Jack was an assistant Hollywood producer, involved in Sonny & Cher specials, Laugh-In episodes, etc. In earlier years he owned a beer bar and also owned an upscale coin shop in the early 70s.

On a later visit, the Coin Worlds were gone; I do not recall what he did with them.

Bruce Smith writes:
By the early 1980's I was subscribing to about 30 numismatic publications, and knew I couldn't maintain files of all of them. I decided early on not to keep Coin World because of its size, but have clipped items of interest since the 1970's.

I do want to make two points. First, about 1975 Coin World became available on microfilm. You could buy the set on microfilm, but in order to do so, you had to have current subscription. I decided at that time that I would eventually but the set on microfilm. Unfortunately, I never did and I don't know whether it is still available for sale.

Second, there is an index to Coin World -- or at least, there was. In the 1980's I wrote to Coin World asking if they could list any articles on Missouri tokens which had appeared in their publication. To my surprise, they sent pages and pages, xeroxed from some master list they were keeping internally. So, it is possible that Coin World still has an internal index, and perhaps someone could persuade them to make it available --- perhaps by donating a copy to the ANA Library.

I do, however, maintain files of World Coin News and Bank Note Reporter, both of which began as tabloid size newspapers. I worked for World Coin News during 1975-1977, and have a complete set from Volume 1 #0 (which came before Vol. 1 #1). The first few years I had hardbound -- back when it was affordable to do so. I also have nearly a full set of Bank Note Reporter.

Because I moved several times (including a year in China), a few issues of BNR and perhaps WCN went astray. Last month I unpacked and sorted all the back issues of WCN and BNR. The current size of these periodicals fits nicely in the one foot square fold-up boxes sold by the OfficeMax chain. The Swedish department store chain, Ikea, sells a fold-up box which is just right for storing letter size magazines like Numismatist, TAMS Journal, and Paper Money magazine.

Unfortunately, I haven't found a box which holds tabloid-size publications efficiently. Currently I have my tabloids in fold-up boxes which are about 6 inches too long. There is probably some specialty company which makes boxes to hold tabloid-size publications, but I haven't found it yet. Any suggestions?

To read the earlier E-Sylum article, see: MORE ON COMPLETE SETS OF COIN WORLD (


In last week's article about the anniversary of Sudbury, Canada's "Big Nickel" sculpture, Dick Johnson wrote:
But there is another numismatic angle to The Big Nickel story. To raise money back in 1963-64, when Szilva was building the statue, he created and sold medals to underwrite the cost. If memory serves me right, it was that same 1951 nickel in a size, of course, larger than the coin. And I'll wager an E-Sylum reader will respond, "Hey, I have one of those!" Prove it. Send Wayne an image.

Tom DeLorey writes: The Big Nickel, Sudbury, Canada
I do not have one to take an image of, but the Big Nickel medallion looks like the 1951 commemorative nickel enlarged to about 39 or 40 mm.

I visited the Big Nickel park back in 1978 while on vacation with my father. We were driving around Lake Huron, and I figured I might never be in Sudbury again. I was right. There was an affiliated attraction where for a few dollars you could ride a gondola down the shaft of a nickel mine. I don't know if it is still open.

Thanks, Tom. I'd still like to document the existence of the Big Nickel medal, so keep at eye out for it in your travels, everyone. -Editor

To read the earlier E-Sylum article, see: CANADA'S BIG NICKEL CELEBRATES AN ANNIVERSARY (


Nobel Prize Medal Last week Kerry Rodgers asked
Are Nobel medals cast or struck?

Jim Duncan writes:
Irving Wallace wrote a book called The Prize in 1961 - a speed reader may well discover in it the answer to the cast/struck question. It's only 755 pages and seems to contain all other trivia related to the presentation!

Ira Rezak writes:
Nobel prize medals, at least those for medicine or physiology, for chemistry, for physics, and for literature, are, or at least were, definitely struck from dies in the usual way. I've held one in my hands (that of Albert Szent Gyorgyi, for medicine or physiology, issue in 1930, which is housed at the Semmelweis Museum in Budapest). I also owned bronze offstrikes in bronze but, alas, these were stolen in transit.

To read the earlier E-Sylum article, see: QUERY: ARE NOBEL PRIZE MEDALS CAST OR STRUCK? (


DAVID SKLOW - FINE NUMISMATIC BOOKS Sale #8, Saturday October 3, 2009, highlights are now posted on my web site. PH: (719) 302-5686, FAX: (719) 302-4933. EMAIL: USPS: Box 6321, Colorado Springs, CO. 80934. Contact us for your numismatic literature needs!


E-Sylum readers are a wealth of information, and this week we have further reminiscences about dealers Henry and William Christensen. Art Friedberg and others asked about the original source of information about Bill Christensen's death - the reader who submitted the original item told me he learned about it from a recent column by Kerry Rodgers in Bank Note Reporter. -Editor

Jeffery Zarit writes:
I knew Bill (and his father) from many years ago. I last saw Bill at the last New York ANA convention. There are fewer and fewer numismatists from the period of the 1970's when I started - only a few of us left. I could only think of three people that I told about this. Others in the industry now would have no idea of who he was.

George Kolbe writes:
I did not know Bill Christensen well, but he was a good customer (as was his dad) early on and he loved his library. Later on, at IAPN assemblies, I met his mother; both of them seemed to attend every year and both were unfailingly polite, friendly, and charming.

I am disappointed that one of last week's correspondents, in a veiled tribute to Henry Christensen, took the opportunity to grind once more a very old axe.

Howard A Daniel III writes:
When I returned to the USA in January 1973 after being overseas for ten years (six of them in the Vietnam War), I was sent to Indianapolis, Indiana for some advanced training. After graduation, I was stationed in Reston, Virginia in April 1973 at a Defense Communications Agency laboratory where we used an IBM 370-155 to test future satellite communications needs of the military. In 1973, my monthly pay as a senior NCO was about $500 after taxes, deductions and allotments. My wife and I were very newly married and she quickly learned I was a numismatist. She did not like to owe anyone so were sleeping on the floor of our apartment and saving money to buy furniture one piece at a time. But she must have seen the desperation in my eyes and allowed me $50 per month as my first numismatic budget.

Over the years it went up with my pay until my last allowance was $200 per month and then we took off my limits when our savings and investments hit a particular point, but I was not supposed to break the bank. Right after my "no allowance" was started, I was offered many excellent items I needed in one group for $10,000, but I talked the seller down to $5,000 to my wife's great relief.

With my specialty covering Southeast Asia, Henry and William Christensen were one of my few sources in the 1970s. When I first wrote to the Christensens, I asked them to add me to their mailing list. When I saw they had many items of interest to me, I wrote to them again and asked if I could please pay them monthly for my purchases. I received an immediate "yes" and they really did not know me from Adam. My $15 per month to them went on for several years.

When I received something from them, I accessioned it into my logbook and printed "HC" and the cost on the 2x2 or note holder. Looking through my Sarawak, Borneo, Malaya, Brunei, Singapore and other pieces, there are many HC's on the holders. I am sure there are dealers today who will allow payments but likely only after a credit or background check. Within a few years after being back in the USA, there were many other dealers who also allowed me to pay them monthly, so my budget rarely had any "free" money. With such a tight budget, I had to carefully evaluate every piece purchased to make sure I got "good" stuff for my collection. Looking back over those purchases, those pieces are the most valuable in my collections based on current rarities and values. Budgeting was good for me!

Fred Schwan writes:
I knew Henry Christensen a little. I knew Bill much better. They are both greatly missed. I have a cute story about Bill. It could sound critical, but that was not the tone at the time nor my intent in telling it now.

A friend and I were involved with some transactions will Bill. In spite of the passage of several years and great attempts, Bill did not resolve the matter nor communicate with us about it. The communication was the worst part.

Eventually, the friend and I stopped in Madison, NJ during a road trip that we were on. I do not know what we thought, but Bill was not easy to find. The business address had been a post office box for a very long time. Madison is a charming town. We started by having breakfast in a diner and studying the phone book. No luck there.

I went to the post office. In a casual chat, an employee told me that he did still come in once in awhile to empty his box. Good news, but not great unless I wanted to have a month long stake out. We tried the Internet (not nearly as useful then as now) and made cold inquiries in various establishments that I thought he might frequent.

Finally, we got a great break. A merchant mentioned that there was a coin shop in town. It had not been in the phone book that I had studied earlier. The coin shop was interesting. My associate and I bought a few things, and the proprietor told us where the Christensen offices were. Bing. By this time it was shortly before noon.

The building showed no sign of occupancy by the Christensen firm, but the fellow at the coin shop had said that the office was upstairs so up the stairs we went. Half way up the stairs, Bill came around the corner to go down the stairs. Momentarily he was surprised (shocked), but responded quickly and invited us to go to lunch with him.

He led us to a tavern just half a block away. The bartender and server obviously knew Bill. The three of us, actually the five of us spent the afternoon there. If there were any more customers, I do not remember it. Mostly we talked sports, but talked a little bit of numismatics. We did not discuss the errant deal.

When I returned to the table after a two minute necessity break, Bill and my friend had their coats on, were standing, and clearly ready to depart. One or the other said that they had worked out the details of our deal! Wow. This must say something about me, but it was good news.

We went back to the Christensen offices, and this is the very best part of the story. The office was a maze and a treasure warehouse. We spent the balance of the afternoon and early evening there. Bill showed us several of his collections and we looked at some old inventory and literature--lots of literature. He had a nice library of books, but what he had in great quantity were auction catalogs. Tons--literally.

Bill gave us the required documents and we continued on our trip. Well, it did not work out--again.

Fast forward a few years. My friend and I are in Madison again. The Christensen office seems to be closed. The tavern had the same bartender, but he stated that he did not know who Bill Christen was. We ordered lunch and waited. As anticipated, Bill came in shortly before noon. He had that same look of surprise and the same fast recovery. Again we talked sports for hours.

Eventually, we went to the office again. Bill told us that he was planning a move to smaller offices. One of the problems was the aforementioned auction catalogs. I put him in touch with a well-known literature dealer who wound up buying the catalogs. That dealer later told me a good story about buying the catalogs. It involves the same tavern. Hopefully, he will jump in and tell that story (hint, hint). Possibly he even still has some of the catalogs.

Back to the office. Once again, Bill gave us material to resolve our problem. This time it worked out. Unfortunately, I never saw (or communicated with) Bill again.


Regarding the American Watercolor Society, Len Augsburger writes:
American Watercolor Society Award Medal obverse John Ward Dunsmore served for a time as the President of the Society and also presented in their annual exhibitions. Dunsmore is of course known to numismatists as the painter of "Washington Inspecting the First Money Coined by the United States." The Society is still active and has a library in Manhattan - it's been on my to-do list and I will certainly keep a look out for the medals. I do not believe that the Society ever issued a medal to Dunsmore, as such a medal is unmentioned in his biographical papers, while other medals are.

To read the earlier E-Sylum article, see: THE AMERICAN WATERCOLOR SOCIETY AWARD MEDAL (


Baker Medallic Portraits of Washington
Robert Rightmire submitted the following query which I'm vexes most bibliophiles - whether the leave a book in its original state, or to have it repaired or rebound. -Editor
Recently two works, Loubat's The Medallic History of the US, 1776-1876 (1878) [oh, the wonderful plates!] and Baker's Medallic Portraits of Washington (1885) came my way. While the bindings were in deplorable condition, internally they were sound. In fact, the Baker had 12 uncut sheets.

The decision to rebind (with 3/4 leather & marbled paper) was made so that the works could be consulted without additional damage to the contents; yet, the loss of the original bindings means that the books no longer exist as totally original documents. The intent of the authors/publishers now exist only as photographs. Is rebinding/restoration a detriment or an asset to maintaining the record of our numismatic literary heritage? A photo of the Baker binding is attached.

The topic has been discussed here in the past, but it's been a long time, and I'd be curious to hear what the readership thinks. I've had book boxes made for certain fragile items in my library. I've never had any rebound, but then, I'm basically lazy and cheap. Had I not donated my life savings to the care and feeding of my wife and kids though, I'm sure that by now I would have cared for and fed my numismatic library with at least a few nice rebindings.


Mark Borckardt writes:
I have heard reference to metal detector finds of Saint Patrick’s coinage in North Carolina. Does anyone have any details?

The rumored finds in North Carolina interest me from a genealogical standpoint. My seventh great-grandparents and their families relocated from Western New Jersey (Hopewell area) to central North Carolina (north of Charlotte) in the early 1700s.


AUTHORS AND PUBLISHERS: Are your books carried by Wizard Coin Supply? If not, contact us via with details. We are interested in further expanding our already exceptional selection of in print titles.


Rich Jewell submitted this interesting information about a Stonewall Jackson medal produced in France. -Editor
Stonewall Jackson Medal by Caque NYT article I read in last week's E-sylum where Harold Levi and George Corell were looking for some assistance with finding Confederate coins minted in Paris between 1861-1865. Towards this goal I can not help, but if they want some evidence that the Paris mint issued a Confederate medal I can assist them.

After General Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's death the Confederacy ordered a medal made in his honor.( According to an article in the N.Y.Times, January 29, 1894, his officers under his command decided to memorialize their leader with a medal).

Armand Auguste Caque (1793-1881) was the engraver of the Stonewall Jackson medal. According to Forrer, Vol.I, p.204-206, Caque was a French medalist, born at Saintes; he was a pupil of the Royal School at Rochefort, the Ecole d'application at Metz, and of Raymond Gayrard. From 1817-1818, he was employed as Assistant-engraver at the Mint of the Hague. Under Napoleon III, he was appointed Engraver to the Imperial Cabinet, a post which he held from 1853-1868. He died in Paris in December, 1881.

There is no mention in Forrer of this particular medal or any Confederate coins either, yet Caque is the engraver of the Jackson medal. His name is below the General's truncation on the obverse, CAQUE F.

The obverse of the medal has a very poor likeness of Gen. Jackson, Caque had never met the man, the legend surrounding the rim reads: "LIEUT.GENERAL T.J.JACKSON "STONEWALL" BORN 1821-DIED 1863". The reverse lists the battles the General participated in, and on a scroll around a wreath are some of the South's major victories. The scroll and wreath spring from a mass of arms at the bottom, under which are the words "DEO VINDICI". The medal is white metal (pewter?), 2", without any edge markings and it was probably made around 1864.

Stonewall Jackson Medal by Caque reverse Stonewall Jackson Medal by Caque obverse

The story in the N.Y. Times only gives a small part of the events leading up to the discovery of these medals. It does not go into the details of how these medals had to run the Union blockades to enter the Port of Wilmington, NC and then were transported to a warehouse in Savannah,GA. during the "closing scenes" of the war and lost for sixty years seating in a warehouse. That in itself is an amazing storyline.

A quick web search located a source of further information on the Caque Jackson medal. The West Virginia and Regional History Collection Newsletter (Volume 2, No. 3, Fall/Winter 1986) records the acquisition of a bronze example of "the Stonewall Jackson Brigade Medal" along with eight pages of news clippings, correspondence and papers pertaining to it. -Editor

Stonewall Jackson Caque medal info

To view the complete West Virginia University Library newsletter, see: West Virginia and Regional History Collection Newsletter v2n3 (


Ira Rezak writes:
You've been recording a number of references to souvenirs of the San Francisco earthquake and fire of 1906. It happens that I wrote an article on one such, a plaque of unknown date. The article appeared in the American Numismatic Society Magazine for Winter 2006, Volume 5, Number 3, pp.26-33, under the title Ozymandias in San Francisco: A Medallic Memorial of the Great Earthquake and Fire of 1906. It can also be found online at

Ira kindly forwarded a copy of his article, which is available in full on the ANS web site. It's a well written and researched piece about a unique piece of medallic art commemorating an unusual scene in the aftermath of the great San Francisco earthquake of 1906. -Editor
This article concerns a single medal—actually, a plaque (Fig. 1)—which I stumbled across five years ago in San Francisco while spending a final hour in town before heading off to the airport for a return flight home. Of course, there had been my customary earlier browsings here and there, but these had failed to turn up a single coin, token, or medal that might have served as a minor trophy or souvenir of my trip to the West Coast and to that wonderful and historic city.

Yet now, in the back of a showcase within a nondescript shop, the type that offers used costume jewelry and bric-a-brac rather than antiques worthy of the name, my eye fell upon something brown and metallic. I ended up buying it, a decision that has rewarded me with an adventure of research and discovery. It was a uniface plaque, six inches by eight, fairly heavy, bearing a scene of devastation.

Earthquake Lachman Medal

The inscription read: "The sculptured head in stone of Samuel Lachman (1824–1892) as it fell in the ruins of the Great Fire (1906) from the cornice of his firm’s building S.W. corner Market and Fremont Sts. San Francisco." The plaque also bore a clear artist’s signature: H. JAUCHEN.

Earthquake Lachman Head

To read the complete ANS Magazine article, see: Ozymandias in San Francisco: A Medallic Memorial of the Great Earthquake and Fire of 1906 (


Back in February 2006, Peter Koch asked:
Does anyone know what became of Robinson (Robbie) S. Brown's magnificent Conder tokens (the British Provincial Token-Coinage of the 18th Century)? Robbie's collection is said to be among the most extensive (not surprising) ever assembled of this classic series. I have seen no mention or public auction of this collection. Before this collection is dispersed it would be forever a tragedy not to catalog and or publish a book on this fantastic collection.

Well, we don't always get answers to questions posed in The E-Sylum, but good things come to those who wait. Cataloguer Peter Preston-Morley of Dix Noonan Webb writes:
Dix Noonan Webb logo The London, England, auction house of Dix Noonan Webb will be selling the collection of Conder tokens formed by the late Robinson S. Brown Jr in four parts, beginning October 7th 2009 (Bedfordshire thru Lincolnshire). Subsequent auctions are scheduled for October 2010 (Middlesex), October 2011 (Norfolk thru Yorkshire) and October 2012 (Wales, Scotland, Ireland and an extensive run of duplicates). Catalogues may be had from Dix Noonan Webb, 16 Bolton Street, London W1J 8BQ, England, or

I remember well the afternoon I visited Dix Noonan Webb and sat with Peter in one room of the company's library. I had been working in London and called him up to arrange a visit. We'd never met, but had a mutual friend in Mary Ann Spence, wife of the late David Spence, whose Conder collection Peter handled for Spence's estate. He was quite gracious in taking time from his day to chat. -Editor

To read more about my visit with Peter, see: WAYNE'S LONDON DIARY 15 JULY, 2007 (

To read the complete E-Sylum query, see: ROBINSON S. BROWN CONDER TOKEN COLLECTION INFO SOUGHT (


I recently came across a reference to The Dollar ReDe$ign Project, 2009. Some of the proposed designs people came up with are very interesting; others are provocative, just plain fun (or stupid, depending on one's point of view). -Editor

From The Atlantic:
This is the age of crowdsourcing and social media. So the time is right for creative consultant Richard Smith’s notion that economic change can start at the grass roots. “The only realistic way for a swift economic recovery,” he proposes, “is through a thorough, in-depth rebranding scheme—starting with the redesign of the iconic U.S. dollar.” His Dollar ReDe$ign Project invites anyone to submit an idea at, and to date, designers from all over the world have responded enthusiastically.

To read the complete Atlantic article, see: Currency Exchange (

From Allison Arieff's July 19, 2009 New York Times blog:
In a recent piece for The Atlantic, the designer Michael Bierut addressed the state of something on all of our minds these days. Money. Specifically, its design, which Bierut is none too happy about. On the back side of the U.S. dollar, we are faced, says Bierut, with the general effect of “a cake that has been decorated to within an inch of its life.” As for those enormous purple numbers added to deter counterfeiters a few years ago? “A denim patch on a satin dress,” says Bierut.

Charmed by the graphic perfection of Switzerland’s currency and the elephants and rhinos bursting forth from South Africa’s, Bierut thinks it’s time for a currency overhaul in this country. He points to the grassroots efforts of creative consultant Richard Smith, whose recent Dollar ReDe$ign project invited anyone to submit an idea. "The only realistic way for a swift economic recovery," Smith proposes, "is through a thorough, in-depth rebranding scheme — starting with the redesign of the iconic U.S. dollar."

The Dollar ReDe$ign Project; $1 The Dollar ReDe$ign Project: $5
The Dollar ReDe$ign Project: $20 The Dollar ReDe$ign Project: $50
The Dollar ReDe$ign Project: Sponsors


Things are tough all over - a July 28th article in the St. Petersburg Times reports that mega coin dealer National Gold Exchange has filed for bankruptcy. -Editor
Mark and Alan Yaffe, two brothers from Boston with a yen for coin collecting, formed National Gold Exchange Inc. barely out of school in the late 1970s.

Thirty years later, National Gold Exchange, one of the world's largest coin wholesalers, is battling for survival with more than $50 million in debts.

On Friday the Tampa company filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy. It happened after Boston's Sovereign Bank, NGE's largest creditor, called a $35 million business loan to the Yaffes earlier in the week.

Sovereign officials arrived last week at NGE's office on North Dale Mabry Highway to remove millions of dollars worth of coins pledged as collateral for the loan.

"We basically didn't have a choice with the bank debts and the other debts that are owed," said NGE lawyer Daniel Saxe. "The plan would be to see if the company can reorganize and come out with a clean start.''

Rumors that NGE had fallen on hard times have swirled around the coin business the past year. Several business associates in Colorado sued the company for unpaid debts in 2008. In May, Sovereign Bank said it discovered NGE was floating bad checks after exhausting its $35 million line of credit with the lender.

Still, since the teenage Yaffes opened a coin stall in a Boston mall in 1975, the business has made them millionaires many times over. They moved the company to Tampa in the late 1980s.

Mark Yaffe, 49, is trying to sell a $25 million, 29,000-square-foot mansion in Tampa's exclusive Avila neighborhood. His brother, 53, lives in another Avila mansion about half that size.

In a lawsuit filed last week, Sovereign Bank accused Mark Yaffe of cashing in $12 million to $15 million worth of coins to build the mock 17th century English country manor in 2004.

Yaffe designed the house partly to display his vast collection of music boxes, pianos, organs and antique automaton dolls. The oldest dates to 1760. Sovereign mentioned the collection in its lawsuit against NGE.

To read the complete article, see: National Gold Exchange Inc. of Tampa files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy (

A Tampa business journal covered the case as well. -Editor
National Gold Exchange filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy reorganization June 24 as bank consultants were taking what Sovereign contends is collateral for $35 million in loans to the business. Rob Soriano, the bank’s attorney, alleged in a hearing Tuesday that some coins were being removed through the back door of the business as they arrived with a writ of replevin. He also said there were questions about more than $2 million in coins transferred to a company that does not exist.

An attorney for National Gold Exchange said in the hearing that what the bank took was the company’s inventory, which forced the business to shut down. The attorney said the company had been making $1 million per day.

To read the complete article, see: Sovereign Bank holds onto National Gold Exchange items (


This week's Featured Web site is the Odessa Museum of Numismatics in central Ukraine.

Odessa Numismatics Museum Odessa Numismatics Museum

Odessa Museum of Numismatics is the first Ukrainian historical museum of new type whose tasks became studying the history of coinage and money circulation of the Ukrainian state and also preservation and demonstration the major historical relics belonging to ancient history and culture of the Northern Black Sea Region and Rus-Ukraine. In September 1994 when Odessa celebrated its 200 th anniversary in city was open the permanent numismatics exhibition. In January 1999 it has been reorganized in the Odessa Museum of Numismatics.

Museum collection includes over 2,5 thousand coins and other relics belonging to different historical epochs: Antique, Medieval, to new and newest time including the period of independent development of the Ukrainian state.

The results of Museum's research activity have been embodied in the regular periodical "Bulletin of the Odessa Museum of Numismatics ". In its issues are published unique and rare coins with analysis of their features (typology, semantics of images, chronology etc.) synthesized with historical events, condition of economy and worldview of that time when coins were minted.

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