This is a small coin and medal excursion dealing with satire, and written upon the request of friends.
I have divided, according to my idea of it, coins and medals into five principal groups.
a) The most recent issues ( modern ).
b) Coins transformed with the graving tool.
c) Issues deriving from coins or medals relating to:
the defeat of Napoleon III° and his defeat at Sedan, Admiral Howe,
to Napoleon I°, to Maria Theresa of Austria, to the medallist Christian Vermuth and to many others from 1550 onwards.
d) Satiric medals of particular value, produced during the British Restoration period of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Most attractive and sought after are the historical medals relating to the strangled lawyer Edmund Godfrey.
e) The medals of a great artist, Karl Goetz, with numerous examples relating to WW1 and WW2.
A few rare exceptions aside, satiric coins of ancient Rome and Greece are unknown.