Speaking of primitive money, the March 2017 newsletter of the International Primitive Money Society (IPMS) notes that an IPMS meeting at the ANA National Money Show next month in Orlando, FL will feature President Charles Opitz, who will present a program on “Kesa, a form of traditional money from Choisoul Island in the Solomon Islands.
The meeting will take place Friday March 10, 2017 at 1pm.
Also in the latest IPMS Newsletter is this article by Bob Leonard on noodle money in American prisons, a topic we covered on August 28, 2016 after the Washington Post article was originally published. With permission, here's Bob's article in its entirety.
NOODLE MONEY IN AMERICAN PRISONS
According to Amy B. Wang in The Washington
Post Wonkblog, August 23, 2016, instant ramen noodles
have “become the black-market currency in American
She reports that Michael Gibson-Light, a doctoral
candidate in the University of Arizona School of
Sociology, has completed a new study indicating that
instant ramen noodles are overtaking tobacco as the
preferred underground currency for prison inmates.
Their main advantage? They are nonperishable,
“ludicrously cheap,” easy to cook, and delicious.
Ah, but there may be political overtones here.
Gibson-Light issued a press release on his study
claiming that “Prisoners are so unhappy with the quality
and quantity of prison food that they receive that they
have begun relying on ramen noodles—a cheap, durable
food product—as a form of money in the underground
economy. Because it is cheap, tasty and rich in calories,
ramen has become so valuable that it is used to exchange
for other goods.”
Gibson-Light based his conclusion on interviews
with 60 male inmates and staff members at a single
state-run facility over a year’s time. Not surprisingly, he
heard gripes about the cuisine at this institution. He then
factored them in to a larger investigation into how
prisoners were responding to “declining prison
services,” claiming to have uncovered “punitive
frugality,” that is, the cost of care shifting on to prisoners
and their support networks because of shrinking
corrections budgets. At this particular institution, about
15 years ago, hot lunches were replaced by a sandwich
and a bag of chips, and portion sizes reduced, he was
Turning away from the advocacy aspect of this
study, one inmate told Gibson-Light why ramen noodles
were desired: “It’s ‘cause people are hungry. You can
tell how good a man’s doing [financially] by how many
soups he’s got in his locker. ‘Twenty soups? Oh, that
guy’s doing good!’” Gibson-Light referred to this as a
“prison ramen black market.”
Wang also quoted Gustavo “Goose” Alvarez, co-author of Prison Ramen: Recipes and Stories from
Behind Bars, published November 2015. “Goose” spent
time in prison twice, once in the mid ’90s and again
from 2006 to 2013. “He quickly learned how critical
ramen was to the inmate economy....‘It’s gold. It’s
literally gold,’ Alvarez told The Washington Post.
‘People will actually—and I hate to say this but—they’ll
kill for it, believe it or not.’”
“Alvarez said he never ate ramen before
incarceration but quickly discovered that the cheap
bricks were a no-brainer purchase at the prison
commissary if he wanted to stretch his account. ‘It got to
the point where some people would rather have a decent
meal than a stogie, especially the way they’re feeding us
Like any currency, the value of a ramen pack
fluctuated. “‘I remember in ’92, you could get them for
20 cents a ramen,’ Alvarez said. ‘In 2013, the last time I
was in prison, they were equivalent to $1 a ramen,
sometimes $2.’” Now living in Playas de Tijuana,
Mexico, “Goose” does not associate ramen with prison;
“His pantry is full of packs of Maruchan, still his go-to
brand,” which he buys at Walmart.
Ramen was invented in 1958 by Taiwanese-
Japanese entrepreneur Momofuku Ando and soon
became popular worldwide. It is now a multibillion-
dollar industry, according to Wang.
Your editor observes that ramen was already a
popular prison currency a decade before hot lunches
were eliminated at the state institution Gibson-Light
visited. Also, smoking has been in decline in the United
States for many years, clearly reducing the desirability of
cigarettes as an alternative currency, even though it was
permitted at the institution Gibson-Light saw.
While I'm at a loss to see how politics comes into any of this, I agree that human choices are generally driven by a complicated and often subtle mix of forces. I remember wondering myself about the decline of smoking in the rise of the noodle, and what practices would be found in a wider sampling of institutions.
My account is skeptical in some respects, because the sociology student who did the study seemed to have an axe to grind.
To read the complete article, see:
RAMEN AS CURRENCY IN AMERICAN PRISONS
Wayne Homren, Editor
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