The Davisson's E-Auction 29 closes Wednesday, April 24th. Allan Davisson published an article with some historical context to a few particularly
interesting medals in the sale. With permission, we're republishing it here. Thanks! -Editor
The Young Pretender
The Jacobite Rebellion of 1745-1746
The last Stuart monarch had been dead for three decades and the Hanoverians were on the British throne. James ("The Old Pretender"), son of James VII and
Mary of Modena had been unsuccessful in an attempt to gain the throne in 1715 and install himself as James III. His son Charles ("Bonnie Prince Charlie")
launched yet another effort to establish a Stuart ruler, landing on an island in the Hebrides in July 1745. He built an army of highlanders that was successful
in taking over Edinburgh by September.
But the English throne was the goal, and after some initial invasion successes the English responded by bringing the commander of the English army in
Flanders back to England. The Duke of Cumberland, son of George II, led a dominant force north, taking back Carlisle on his way. Arriving in Aberdeen in late
February, he led his army north and east and at Culloden, just east of Inverness, the two forces met. Superior leadership, forces, and weaponry brought about a
devastating defeat of the Jacobite army. Cumberland followed his successful defense of England with persecutions and reprisals. This became the last of the
long string of Scottish battles with the English, a bloody history marked by a long series of finely produced medals by the English marking the events.
Carlisle Recaptured, Jacobite Rebels Retreat to Scotland
The siege and capture of Carlisle was an important event of the Jacobite uprising. Forces loyal to Bonnie Prince Charlie captured the city of Carlisle and
Carlisle Castle on 14-15 November 1745. But Charles was not strong enough to hold it, and the Hanoverian army under the Duke of Cumberland besieged and took
back Carlisle in December. The prisoners, the so-called Manchester Regiment, were held in a dungeon in terrible conditions until they were brought out for
Battle of Culloden
Culloden was the last battle of the Jacobite Rebellion on British soil, and it took place on April 16th, 1746 on Drummossie Moor above Inverness, Scotland.
A strong army of King George II led by his son the Duke of Cumberland easily beat Charles's forces. The battle only lasted one hour, and the Jacobites who
survived the battle were hunted down and killed, earning Cumberland the title 'Billy the Butcher.' Charles evaded capture by traveling disguised as an Irish
maid, and went into exile in France for around 40 years. Culloden was the final confrontation of the Jacobite Rebellion, and ended the claim of the descendants
of James II to the British throne.
Battle of Culloden
For more information on the sale, see:
Wayne Homren, Editor
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