MAKING SENSE OF PATTERN LISTINGS
Michael Schmidt had this to say about one of the patterns
mentioned in last week's issue "lot 293 -- Copper Pattern
of 1/4 eagle 1803 sold to a Mr. Moses for $.10 (ten cents)"
"This is an interesting listing. Pollock makes no mention of a
copper quarter eagle of 1803 and in Dr. Judd's book he says
that there is no record of a copper 1803 quarter eagle except
for the listing in the Adams-Woodin book."
The following is Andrew Pollack's take on it: "I get the impression
that Judd thought AW-22 was actually the 1803 $2.50 KETTLE
gaming token, and he seems to indicate that he was actually aware
of some of these receiving the AW-22 attribution in catalogues.
I'm not aware of any specific auction records wherein AW
numbers have been assigned to KETTLE pieces.
Although I doubt Edgar Adams would have been deceived by a
KETTLE token, it's possible that a mid-19th-century cataloguer
might have been, especially if the token had been altered by
removing the letters KETTLE. Hence, I presume Adams got his
listing from an auction catalogue or a dealer's FPL.
I list the brass and silver KETTLE $2.50 in my book as P-8001
and 8010, respectively. Judd also mentions "copper gilt"
I guess the question to resolve is "When did KETTLE tokens first
appear?" If they were produced prior to 1859, then the listing can
probably be safely attributed to them. Unfortunately, since my
numismatic library is still in storage in NH, I can't do any checking."
The reference to Kettle tokens sent me scurrying to my
library to find L. B. Fauver's 1981 book, "Exonomia Symbolism
& Classification": "The Kettle firm was begun during the 1780s
by Henry Kettle, and his sons Thomas and William joined the
firm sometime probably shortly after 1800. Thomas Kettle took
over responsibilities about 1812 and continued to run the business
until at least the late 1830's...
The vast majority of Kettle pieces served as counters... their
great similarity in both design and size to contemporary gold
guineas, gold half guineas, gold one-third guineas, and to
American gold quarter eagle and gold half eagles." (pp v-vi)
Wayne Homren, Editor
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