Harold Levi submitted this review of Peter Bertram's new book on Confederate Numismatica. Thanks! -Editor
Peter Bertram's new book on Confederate Numismatica is downright unbelievable! The depth and breadth of this work is
amazing. I had no idea that some of the items even existed! He listed items you could easily pass over at a flea market thinking they were junk.
Confederate Forerunners (Pre-War to 1861)
The work is broken into three segments based on time. First is the era of Pre-War to 1861 with many tokens, political campaign tokens and
ribbons, and secession items. I had never seen many of these items in the eight to ten years spent researching the Confederate cent, nor
did I know they existed. Peter included some history with most of the items listed. And, the book is in color!!
Confederate Wartime (1861-1865)
The second era is Wartime 1861-1865. During this period of time coins of all metals were hoarded, both North and South. This resulted in
counterstamped coins and a lot of paper being printed and used for money. He has included the several tokens that George Corell has
described as “Confederate Orphan Coins.” Some of these were produced in the South and some in Paris, France. Of course, he dives into the
tokens and coins produced by Robert Lovett, Jr. He covers the Confederate cent and the later restrikes by Capt. John W. Haseltine and the
infamous Robert S. Bashlow. Bashlow produced a plethora of Confederate cent restrike items which Peter covers nicely.
The Confederacy inherited the tools, dies, and bullion when they took control of the three mints within their territory. When these
actions occurred, the mint personnel continued to strike coins for a time. In all cases the dies used were U.S. dies in varying states of
wear. Peter dedicated several pages and many images to describing how to detect the coins struck under Confederate control. The Confederate
half-dollar is part of this discussion.
The next section of the Wartime 1861-1865 era is the paper produced by and for the Confederacy. There are many pages and images
dedicated to this subject. Confederate paper is a study unto itself and has been done by several people over time, not the least of which
was Capt. John W. Haseltine. Again, historical information is included.
The final section covers badges, medals, and ribbons. There are several one-of- a-kind handmade items in this section. You will see the
treasury seal made by George H. Lovett, Robert, Jr.’s brother. You can learn of the Great Seal of the Confederacy and the various copies.
Also, the Stonewall Jackson medal produced in Paris, France is described with some history of the piece. It ends with a description of
Jefferson Davis’ flight to evade capture by the Union Army. There are a number one-off medals and badges presented.
Confederate Postwar (1866-1889)
The final era is that of Post War 1865-1889. There were many one-off badges and ribbons and those manufactured for specific occasions and
groups. Many of the occasions were reunions of the various brigades. You need to see this section as you could easily pass over these
pieces in a flea market.
The book ends with descriptions of counterfeits. As Peter says, it is a shame this information has to be included, but as with most
collectibles, the unscrupulous try to cash-in. This is a great guide book necessary for collectors of Confederate memorabilia.
Thanks, Harold. Here's a followup from Peter. -Editor
Peter Bertram writes:
The book offers the first listing of Breckinridge/Lane 1860 Presidential Campaign medalets since Sullivan’s now classic 1981 reference.
Some 15 previously unlisted items are noted, including all four varieties of the striking ribbons based on the remarkable steel-plate engravings of
John C. Buttre.
Interestingly, many collectors are not aware that two varieties of the “A United South” token are now known and the book lists and
With an appreciative nod to the work of Randall Wiley and Bill Bugert, the book includes a table and seven detailed panels to assist
collectors in determining which 1861-O half dollars were struck under Confederate authority.
A detailed history of the Confederate Great Seal is included, along with detailed illustrations of eight collectable reproductions of
All ten of the Davis Flight Medals and their story is told here for their first time in print.
The book defines nine Ladder Badge Types and three miscellaneous pieces with detailed text and illustrations.
Now I'd like to add some thoughts of my own about Peter's book. -Editor
If there were pickup lines for books, I'd use this one: "Where've you been all my life?" Confederate
Numismatica fills a void in the canon of American numismatic literature. While a lot of information on the topic has been published
over the years, it was scattered, uneven, incomplete and often downright incorrect.
Despite being a longtime numismatic bibliophile, I only learned about some of these items myself in the course of editing The
E-Sylum over the last two decades.
As one example of Peter Bertram's thorough work in writing his new book Confederate Numismatica, see a later article in this
issue which republishes a section on the J.B. Schiller counterstamp discussed in an earlier E-Sylum article, where it was
incorrectly described as a "siege token".
Notes about shortcomings are mandatory in any review, and now that I've gotten past my original excitement, I'll address a
couple minor things I noticed. First was the page and print size. To my aging eyes the print was small and the pictures were small, too,
with most well under actual size. I'd be happy to buy a larger, more expensive deluxe version with actual-size photos (or larger)!
Another minor shortcoming is that even though the book does include a price guide, it's hard to find, being buried at the very end.
Prices are the first thing many book buyers look for, so I would advertise the guide right on the cover, and remind readers throughout
where to find it. Perhaps update the subtitle to ".. With Historical Notes and Price Guide", and footer notes: "See page 193
for pricing guide."
It's hard enough to compile all of this great information, and even more work sometimes to compile prices; since many of these items
are extremely rare, price records are hard to find if they exist at all. Peter confirmed that compiling those three pages took almost as
much time and cross-eyed effort as some of the major portions of the book. Collectors and dealers alike will find these estimates quite
Confederate Numismatica is a landmark work, and Peter deserves many kudos for his efforts. This is something the numismatic world
has lacked for far too long. See last week's article, linked below, for ordering information.
We'll all stay tuned for Part 2 of Peter's planned four-volume series. And of course, please do notify Peter of any missing
items you're aware of for inclusion in his planned annual Confederate Numismatica Supplement.
From the Introduction:
This book represents Part 1 of an attempt to start filling at least a little of the void in the literature of published information
for collectors of Confederate tokens, badges, ribbons, etc. I believe that preserving the collectibles and memorabilia of Confederate
veterans will be aided by the ready availability of information about them. That pretty much sums up my purpose here. Perhaps you could
join me and participate in the effort?
Cataloging these treasures of Southern Heritage has been slow in coming. As the father of the effort, Mr. Lynn J. Shaw published the
first reference in his 1989 little red book “Badges and Ribbons of the United Confederate Veterans and Sons of Confederate
Veterans”. Updated in 1996, it only showed about 130 badges but for years was the only source of information and is now considered a
classic and getting tough to find!
I then dabbled at it with a Newsletter from 1996 to 1999 and a few articles. So when my little Southern Cross of Honor book was very
well received, I decided to return to this project. All this fast forwards us up to today and this little book you are holding. It is
Part 1 of a planned three or four volume series cataloging Confederate numismatica. Part 2 will start in 1890 with the first UCV badges
and will be “the UCV book”.
Congratulations to Peter for producing a valuable work, and for providing text and images for The E-Sylum. See the article on the
Stack's Bowers 2016 ANA Currency sale later in this issue for another great item of Confederate Numismatica. These is also an
article in this issue on the J.B. Schiller New Orleans counterstamp, excerpted with permission from Peter's book. -Editor
To read the earlier E-Sylum article, see:
NEW BOOK: CONFEDERATE NUMISMATICA, PART 1
Wayne Homren, Editor
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