The Challenging Literature of A. M. Smith
Exhibited by Pete Smith
August 17, 1996
The Aaron Feldman Memorial Exhibit Award
First Place - Class XXII - Numismatic literature
The Thos. H. Law Award
Best First Time Exhibitor
The Howland Wood Memorial Award
The Challenging literature of A. M. Smith
A. M. Smith was one of America's early coin dealers and one of the first to write and publish numismatic references. Examples are shown illustrating the different titles and varieties of his numismatic literature.
There is no standard reference that lists all the varieties of publications of A. M. Smith. Numismatic literature sales give some indication of availability. Unfortunately, most of the descriptions are incomplete and many have included errors in the descriptions. Some notes on these catalog listings are included with the exhibit.
While many authors have left their name on numismatic publications, A.M. Smith left his name on dozens of product containers and advertising promotions. These are probably not familiar to most collectors of his literature. Examples are presented to expose collectors to this challenging area of related collectibles.
The publications of A. M. Smith offer challenges to a collector of numismatic literature.
- It is a challenge to understand confusing titles.
- Collecting an example of each title is a challenge as some are infrequently offered.
- It is a challenge to understand the different types, colors and qualities of binding.
- Collecting publishing varieties is a challenge since no reference exists.
- Acquiring this literature is a challenge since catalog descriptions are frequently inaccurate or incomplete.
A study was made of numismatic literature sales conducted January 1, 1980 through June 30, 1996. These sales included 145 offerings of titles by A. M. Smith. The sales surveyed included:
- 15 dealers1
- 156 sales
- 154,426 lots
Notes in this exhibit refer to this survey. The following table indicates the number of pieces in different bindings offered in recent literature sales:
|Title||Paper||Cloth||Half Leather||Full Leather|
|Luck of a Wandering Dane||0||N/A||N/A||N/A|
|Up and Down in the World||0||N/A||N/A||N/A|
|Coins and Coinage||10||3||48||3|
|Visitors Guide and History||2||15||1||2|
|Encyclopaedia of Gold and Silver Coins||N/A||29||N/A||1|
|Coin Collectors of the United States|
|Complete Set of nine issues||1||N/A||N/A||N/A|
|Numismatic Manual and Coin Catalogue||3||N/A||N/A||N/A|
|Illustrated Coin Book||5||N/A||N/A||N/A|
N/A = Title is not available in that binding. listings not counted include rebound copies and listings where type of binding could not be determined.
THE LIFE OF A. M. SMITH2
- February 4, 1841: Born Anders Madsen Smedt in Knudsbol, Denmark.
- 1857-1860 Sailor on merchant ships.
- 4/22/1861 to 10/2/1862: Served in the Union Army during the Civil War.
- 6/25/1863 to 7/8/1864: Served in the Union Navy.
- 12/1/1864 to 5/10/1866: Served in the Union Army in California.
- May 8, 1866: Became a citizen of the United States.
- 1868-1869 Worker constructing the transcontinental railroad.
- 1870 Farmer near Elko, Utah.
- 1871-1872 Railroad watchman in Ogden, Utah.
- April 17, 1872: Married to Botilla Elberg in Ogden, Utah.
- 1872-1875 Wine Dealer in Salt Lake City, Utah.
- 1875-1886 Wine Dealer in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
- 1881 Published Coins and Coinage, The United States Mint.
- 1885 Published Visitor's Guide and History of the United States Mint.
- 1886 Published Encyclopedia of Gold and Silver Coins of the World.
- 1886-1915 Wine Dealer in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
- July 20, 1915: Died in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
|1||Luck of a Wandering Dane (1885) Philadelphia (under the pseudonym Hans Lykkejaeger)|
|2||Up and Down in the World or Paddle Your Own Canoe (1891) Minneapolis|
Both are Subtitled: Native of Denmark, Citizen of the United States, Soldier and Sailor, Moulder and Merchant, tramp and trader, Soap-boiler and Scribe, Peddler and Philosopher, Overseer and Understrapper, Jack of all-trades and Master of Fortune.
Neither title appeared in the literature sales studied.
A.M. Smith issued promotional calendars from 1889 to 1914. This photograph of the inside of A.M. Smith's "California Wine Depot" in Minneapolis appeared in his calendar for 1900.
Photograph of the interior of A.M. Smith's 'California Restaurant" appeared in his annual calendar from 1900. Note framed coins and medals on the walls.
One collecting challenge is to acquire all of Smith's titles. Shown are examples of Smith's numismatic publications.
|3||Cover of paperbound edition: Illustrated History of the United States
Inside title: Coins and Coinage, The United States Mint, Philadelphia, History, Biography, Statistics, Work, Machinery, Products, Officials.
Commonly known as: Coins and Coinage.
Published: 1881-1886 Philadelphia A 1991 article in The Asylum described five editions and 27 varieties.
Offered 69 times in recent sales, the most frequent of Smith's publications.
|4||Cover: Visitors Guide to the U.S. Mint Philadelphia
Inside title: Visitor's Guide and History of the United States Mint, Philadelphia, PA.
Commonly known as : Visitor's Guide
Published: 1885-1886 Philadelphia
Offered in four bindings: Full Russian leather @ $1.50; quarter leather @ $1.50; cloth binding @ $1.00 and paperbound @ $.50.
Offered twenty-three times in recent sales.
|5||Cover: Encyclopaedia of Gold & Silver Coins of the World
Inside title: Illustrated Encyclopaedia of Gold and Silver Coins of the World; Illustrating the Modern, Ancient, Current and Curious from A.D. 1885 Back to B.C. 700
Commonly known as Smith's Encyclopaedia
Published: 1886 Philadelphia
Offered thirty times in recent sales.
|6||Cover: A. M. Smith's Numismatic Manual and Coin Catalogue
Inside title: A. M. Smith's Illustrated Catalogue of United States and Foreign, Ancient and Modern Coins, Colonial, Continental, Confederate, National and State Currency, Indian, Antiquarian and Pre-historic Relics.
Commonly known as: Numismatic Manual
Promoted as: Coin Manual and Catalogue
Published in 1883 Philadelphia
This is the best of three examples offered in recent sales.
|7||Cover: Illustrated Coin Book
The heading on pages 4 through 18 is Visitor's Guide to the U.S. Mint
Published in 1900 and 1905 Minneapolis
Offered five times in recent sales.
|8||Coin Collectors' of the United States Illustrated Guide
Nine issues of this periodical were produced between 1880 and 1886. The sale of the Champa library in 1995 included the only single offering of all nine issues.
There were eight offerings of single issues.
It is a challenge to understand the various confusing titles of Smith's publications. Different titles frequently appear on the cover, on the inside title page and on the spine. As an example:
Title on Cover: Coins and Coinage, The United States Mint Philadelphia
Title on Title Page: Illustrated History of the United States Mint
Title on Spine: U.S. Mint and Coins
Cataloguers of numismatic literature sales have also been confused. The survey of literature sales found 31 offerings of Coins and Coinage, two offerings of Illustrated History and one offering of U.S. Mint and Coins, although these are really the same book.
Shown are three copies of the same book with three different titles:
|9||Coins and Coinage, The United States Mint, Philadelphia, History, Biography, Statistics, Work, Machinery, Products, Officials.|
|10||Illustrated History of the U.S. Mint.|
|11||U.S. Mint and Coins.|
It is a challenge to acquire one title in all types of bindings.
"Binding varieties are not at all unusual in nineteenth century American numismatic books. Publishers often bound many of their works in small batches, presumably to preserve capital. Over a period of time styles and material varied, and, no doubt, on some occasions, publishers deliberately bound identical works in different styles."3
Shown are examples of Coins and Coinage in four different bindings.
Within one type of binding, there may be varieties which may be described incompletely in literature sales.
Shown are three examples of Visitor's Guide to the United States Mint Philadelphia in cloth bindings.
|16||Blue Cloth - This binding offered once in recent sales.|
|17||Brown Cloth - Flexible Cover - Binding offered once in recent sales|
|18||Brown Cloth - The binding most frequently offered.|
QUALITYShown are three examples of Smith's Encyclopaedia in cloth showing different quality bindings:
|19||Left - High Quality: Cover stamped in gold, spine stamped in gold.|
|20||Middle - Medium Quality: Cover stamped in black, spine stamped in gold.|
|21||Right - Low Quality: Cover stamped in gold, no title on spine.|
While the copy on the right appears to be well worn, it is because it was originally low quality and has not held up well under normal usage.
Another collecting challenge is interpreting sales catalogs. If an auction catalogue described the binding as green cloth, which of these bindings would you expect?
It is a challenge to understand the order of contents of Coins and Coinage.
The Fall 1991 issue of The Asylum identified five distinct editions of Coins and Coinage, each with a different order of contents5.
|22||Shown are photocopies from four editions of Coins and Coinage showing
how the biography of A. Louden Snowden appears on different pages.
REUSE OF MATERIAL
Material from one of Smith's publications was frequently reused in later titles.
|23||Shown are pages 14 and 15 from Smith's Encyclopedia. At the bottom are page numbers 81 and 82 - the page numbers where these same contents appeared in his Visitor's Guide.|
|24||This piece was illustrated in Bourne's reference5 where it was called a "Buy-Sell list." It promoted Smith's Illustrated Catalogue to be out in April 1879.|
|25||This broadside promoted the sale of Coins and Coinage on one side (not
shown) and his Coin Manual and Catalogue on the other.
Neither of these items have been offered in recent sales. It is possible that these are the only surviving examples of these pieces.
|26||This copy of Smith's periodical includes a stamp indicating that Smith had relocated to Minneapolis. He apparently cut back on his involvement with numismatics. In 1895 he wrote, "The only time that I can or will devote to the buying and selling of coins, notes, curiosities, etc., will be Saturdays from 9 to 12 A.M. and 4 to 6 P.M."|
Smith's name and address appear on the containers of many of his products. Smith also issued many advertising and promotional items that included advertising trays, ash trays, bottle openers, calendars, can openers, corkscrews, an egg boiler, fortune telling cards, a funnel, ice picks, jack knives, key fobs, letter openers, mugs, playing cards, post cards, rulers, safety razors, shoe brushes, shot glasses, a strainer, a teapot, thermometers, trade cards and yardsticks6. Examples of these items are shown in this case and throughout the exhibit.
NOTES1 Sale catalogs from Auctions by Bowers and Merena, John Bergman, Michael and Marlene Bourne, Remy Bourne, Jack Collins, Cunningham, Charles Davis, Function Associates, Orville Grady, Frank and Laurese Katen, George Kolbe, The Money tree, David Sklow, Harold Thomas and Cal Wilson.
2A.M. Smith, Up and Down in the World or Paddle Your Own Canoe (Minneapolis: 1891)
3George Kolbe, Auction Sale 65 June First 1996. Page 56.
4 Pete Smith, "A. M. Smith's Coins and Coinage: A trial list" The Asylum, Vol. IX, No. 4. (Fall, 1991)v
5 Remy Bourne, Fixed Price list & Prices Paid For lists of United States Coin Dealers 1822-1900. Ramm Communications, Inc. (Minneapolis: 1988)
6Ron Feldhaus, editor. The Bottles, Breweriana and Advertising Jugs of Minnesota 1850-1920 (Minneapolis: 1987)