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The Numismatic Bibliomania Society is a non-profit association devoted to the study and enjoyment of numismatic literature. For more information please see our web site at


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Numismatic Bibliomania Society
P. O. Box 2058,
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Content presented in The E-Sylum is not necessarily researched or independently fact-checked, and views expressed do not necessarily represent those of the Numismatic Bibliomania Society.


Wayne Homren 2017-03-15 full New subscribers this week include: Allen Menke, courtesy of Harry Waterson; Welcome aboard!

Thank you for reading The E-Sylum. If you enjoy it, please send me the email addresses of friends you think may enjoy it as well and I'll send them a subscription. Contact me at anytime regarding your subscription, or questions, comments or suggestions about our content.

This week we open with updates from the Newman Numismatic Portal, National Numismatic Collection exhibits, notes from E-Sylum readers, and more.

Other topics this week include Dutch Trading Company banknotes, sloppy slab labels, medallions, SIN founder Pauline Pauling Emmett, Walt Husak, sale highlights, the Royal Mint commemoratives, Dickin medals, Congressional gold medals, and whaling on banknotes.

To learn more about Henry Evanson, one-foot passengers, 1804 dollar news, the Queen's Golden Jubilee, PNG awards, Hard Times satirical banknotes, the Faneuil-Hall lottery, coins and medals of the Welf lands, uncirculated 1909-S VDBs, the Flying Scotsman, Steve Wosniak's Hobo Nickel, most expensive pigeon, read on. Have a great week, everyone!

Wayne Homren
Editor, The E-Sylum

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The latest addition to the Newman Numismatic Portal is The Granite State Philatelist. Project Coordinator Len Augsburger provided the following report. -Editor


Courtesy of Neal Musante, a number of issues of the The Granite State Philatelist have been added to Newman Portal. Although primarily philatelic, the masthead proclaimed a devotion to “Stamps, Coins and Curiosities.” In addition to covering stamps, the publisher John H. Hubbard issued a numismatic “prices paid for” list and solicited rare coins from the public. Hubbard further carried numismatic auction announcements and reported sale results.

Read more here

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It's been an honor and a pleasure to be associated with the Newman Numismatic Portal since its inception. My contributions as a part-time consultant are small compared to the efforts of the core staff highlighted in the 2022 Annual Report, which has just been published. Can you imagine nearly five million pages of numismatic information? If you haven't visited the portal lately, you haven't visited the portal. Here's an excerpt from the report with a complete version linked below. -Editor


Newman Portal 2022 Report p1 The Newman Numismatic Portal (NNP, http://Newman, administered by Washington University in St. Louis, is chartered with the mission of making the documents and images of numismatics, especially American numismatics, universally available on a free and forever basis. The Portal is sponsored by the Eric P. Newman Numismatic Education Society (EPNNES), which was founded in 1958 and further supports the American Numismatic Society, American Numismatic Association, and other numismatic initiatives.

With 4.941 million pages in our collection as of December 2022, Newman Portal is set to exceed the 5-million-page milestone in early 2023. Since we began scanning operations at Washington University in 2015, collection growth has been steady, with contributions from scanning centers in St. Louis (Washington University) New York (American Numismatic Society), and National Archives locations in Philadelphia, Denver, and College Park, MD.

Read more here

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The David Lisot Video Library on the Newman Numismatic Portal can be found at:

Henry Evanson We highlight one of his videos each week in The E-Sylum. Here's one from 1986 with Motion Picture operator Henry Evanson of Boston, who joined the ANA in 1929 and speaks about coin collecting in the Great Depression. He ran a mail order business through Numismatist ads and built three collections of U.S. dimes from 1796-date. He knew dealer B. Max Mehl. In 1933 he bought 1,500 uncirculated 1909-S VDB cents for 25 cents apiece and sold the group for 35 cents apiece. Bibliophiles will appreciate his advice that old numismatic literature is priceless. -Editor

Read more here

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Forbes magazine published a nice review of the Value of Money and Really BIG Money exhibits from the National Numismatic Collection at the Smithsonian. Here's an excerpt, but see the complete article online for more. And check out the exhibit when you're in town! -Editor

Sacagawea coin plaster Before declaring independence on July 9, 2011, becoming the world’s youngest officially recognized nation-state, the Republic of South Sudan selected a flag, an anthem, and a currency. Within a week of secession, the South Sudanese pound was in circulation, featuring a portrait of the deceased revolutionary leader John Garang de Mabior. By September, the currency of neighboring Sudan was no longer deemed legal tender.

The Bank of South Sudan did not have to print banknotes, let alone pay the South African Mint to strike coins showing subjects of national pride ranging from giraffes to oil derricks. Neighboring Kenya already had years of experience running payments through a mobile banking system called M-Pesa, and the blockchain was starting to host a range of cryptocurrencies beyond bitcoin. The decision to follow tradition was political, equivalent to the choice Eritrea made in 1998, shortly after seceding from Ethiopia. Even more than a flag or anthem, a state currency broadcasts national identity.

Read more here


RENAISSANCE OF AMERICAN COINAGE: Wizard Coin Supply is the official distributor for Roger Burdette's three volume series that won NLG Book of the Year awards for 2006, 2007 and 2008. Contact us for dealer or distributor pricing at


Last week Pete Smith submitted a compilation of American numismatists who were either born on or passed away on Christmas. Here are some reader additions. -Editor

Mark Borckardt writes:

"Robert Miller, Sr. – born on Christmas – colonial collector and dealer

"And this one is a stretch:
James Carl Borckardt (9/28/1956-12/25/1974) – brother of numismatist Mark Borckardt."

Read more here

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Good For One Foot Passenger
Yosef Sa'ar of Elat on the Red Sea writes:

"I liked your post of the hard rubber Oil City bridge token in last week's E-Sylum. Thought you might like the humor in the similar piece from Parker, Pennsylvania. In those days it was Parker's Landing."

  Parker's Landing One Foot Passenger token obverse Parker's Landing One Foot Passenger token reverse

That's great! Thanks. -Editor

To read the earlier E-Sylum article, see:
NUMISMATIC NUGGETS: DECEMBER 25, 2022 : Oil City Transportation Token (

Other topics this week include John Igo, Otis Kaye, William Von Bergen, and Numisma. -Editor

Read more here

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Adrian J. Lansen of The Netherlands is researching the banknotes of the Dutch Trading Company. Can anyone assist? -Editor

  Dutch Trading Company Cash order of the sub-agency Medan
Cash order of the sub-agency Medan

Read more here

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Ron Haller-Williams writes:

"As you must remember, there has been a lot of controversy about coin "coffins", with some people swearing by them and some people swearing at them. I'm no fan of these things, but I think some of these illustrations should raise your eyebrows."

Here's a group of eBay lots Ron passed along, with his comments. Thank you. -Editor

Read more here

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With the new year comes a new award season. This press release calls for nominations for 2023 PNG awards. Authors and publishers note: the Robert Friedberg Award is presented in recognition for an outstanding book or other literature. -Editor

Professional Numismatists Guild logo The Professional Numismatists Guild ( is now accepting nominations for its 2023 awards, according to PNG Executive Director Robert Brueggeman.

“The PNG publicly recognizes outstanding achievements in the hobby and the profession by honoring deserving recipients with prestigious awards. We cordially welcome and strongly encourage nominations from all collectors and dealers,” said Brueggeman.

Read more here

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Here's another entry from Dick Johnson's Encyclopedia of Coin and Medal Terminology. -Editor

Medallion. A large medal, round or nearly so. In America a medallion is a medallic item larger than three and one-eighth inches, in Europe it is larger than eighty millimeters (80mm). The term is frequently misused in sales literature for a medal of any size and has even appeared on medals of less than 3-inch diameter. Generally medallions less than 5-inches can be struck and have two sides; less than 8-inch diameter can have two sides but only if cast. All those over that size are cast uniface. The upper size of a medallion is not defined.

Read more here

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E-Sylum Feature Writer and American Numismatic Biographies author Pete Smith submitted this article on Numismatic Ambassador and Society of International Numismatists founder Pauline Pauling Emmett. Thanks! -Editor

  Another 100-Year-Old Numismatist

Pauline Pauling Emmett This week I was reviewing the list of people who were named as a Numismatic News Numismatic Ambassador. They included Baber, Hendershott, Lenker and Newman, already noted as attaining the century mark. New to me was a woman whose name and name changes become a big part of her story. Before we get to her, I want to mention her brother. Herman Henry William Pauling (1876-1910) and Lucy Isabelle Darling (1881-1976) had a son on February 28, 1901. They named him Linus after his mother’s father and Carl after his father’s father.

New Scientist named Linus Carl Pauling as one of the 20 greatest scientists of all time. He won a Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1954 and a Nobel Peace Prize in 1962. I wonder if his little sister had difficulty living up to his accomplishments.

Read more here

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Chuck Heck passed along the obituary for Walt Husak prepared by Walt's family. Thank you - this expands on what we had earlier about his life and collecting. -Editor

What to tell you about Walter, so that you know how much he is missed?

  • He loved people—he always wanted to know who you were and what made you tick.
  • He paid local bills in person—so he could check in with people and chat.
  • He could talk to anyone, anywhere, about anything, and almost always you would leave the conversation as his friend, and would soon be invited over for wine.
  • He was a man of numbers, with a mind that listed and categorized and compared, which assured his success in the aircraft parts business, and in his great passion, collecting Early American large cents.

Read more here

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Here are a few items that caught my eye in Jeff Rock's Rosa Americana Colonial Coins fixed price list #23. To get your copy, contact Jeff at -Editor

  A Nice PCGS MS62 1740-B French Colonies Sous Marques with Vibrant Luster

  1740-B French Colonies Sous Marques

18. 1740-B [Rouen Mint] French Colonies Sous Marques, Vlack 51. Rarity-3. PCGS Graded MS62. A lovely representative example of this type, or the variety in particular. Well struck, the legends, date, mintmark and differents (the symbols for the engraver and mint master) are all bold around the peripheries. The central designs are full, a shade less sharp than the legends, and the whole coin is a lustrous silver that has whispers of light golden toning. There is a thin pair of striations running through the crown on the obverse, which were in the planchet prior to striking, and no marks or damage from actual circulation, and the piece has lovely eye appeal. To this cataloguer’s mind – and he’s formed two collections of the French Colonies coinages that each had over 800 pieces! – the billon Sous Marques offers so much collecting enjoyment. They are listed in the Redbook, meaning collector interest will always be there.

Read more here

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This press release from Heritage highlights some interesting Hard Times satirical banknotes. -Editor

Paper money and pieces that look like paper money have historically served as the platform for airing political and economic views. In the United States, for example, colonial paper money made extensive use of patriotic emblems and mottos to promote independence and resistance. More recently, so-called notgeld notes, which offered thousands of distinctive designs and themes, were issued in post-World War I Germany. Many of these notes served as tiny billboards for messages decrying real and perceived wrongs endured by the nation in the years following the War to End All Wars, often in a humorous or satirical fashion.

The period in United States history known as the Panic of 1837 or Hard Times resulted in the issue of a large number of both tokens and paper money look-alikes that were used to attack the Government policies and practices of that era.

Read more here

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A GUIDE BOOK OF AMERICAN SILVER EAGLES— In the latest volume of Whitman Publishing’s “Bowers Series” of numismatic references, award-winning author Joshua McMorrow-Hernandez provides a richly detailed 384-page study of the world’s most popular silver bullion coins. Whether you collect American Silver Eagles or invest in them, or both, you can order your copy online at , or call 1-800-546-2995.


This press release issued December 29th by World Banknote Auctions highlights a rare misprinted National Bank Note. -Editor

  Mismatched prefix error National Banknote 1929 Boston $10

Today, World Banknote Auctions, the only auction firm in the United States specializing in US & World Paper Money announced the discovery of only the third National Banknote with a mismatched prefix letter. Part of the Navy Commander Collection of U.S. National and Gold Banknotes, the note is a 1929 Type 1 $10 National Banknote on Charter #200, the First National Bank of Boston, Massachusetts. The note displays serial number B011362A on the left side and serial number E011362A on the right side and has been graded Very Fine 25 by PMG.

Read more here

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World paper money highlights are featured in this press release for the World Banknote Auctions Sale 37. -Editor

World Banknote Auctions has now launched Live Sale 37 at Live Sale 37 takes place on January 12, 2022, with live bidding that day at 1 PM Eastern / 10 AM Pacific. Please note that Sale 37 is divided in two parts, each selling on a different day. The first live session with 592 lots takes place on January 12 at 10 AM PST. The second session with 519 lots closes on January 15 at 3 PM PST (special bidding rules apply for the timed sale, please see our website for details). Our bidding platform can be accessed directly by going to or through our mobile apps.

  WBNA 37077 Canada 1954 10 Dollars

Read more here

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Here's a press release with highlights of the Early American History Auctions sale closing January 14, 2023. -Editor

  Important Early American Naval and Military History Related Lots
from the Collection of Ambassador J. William “Bill” Middendorf

Early American History Auctions is proud to host our major auction, containing exceptional consignments of the American Colonial era through the Revolutionary War period, to the War of 1812 and beyond from various consignors. The diverse array includes numerous original historic autographed documents and engraved prints. As the former six-times United States Secretary of the Navy, with a family lineage tracing back to the very founding of the American Revolutionary Navy, Ambassador Middendorf’s collection is deeply focused on these areas, often seen illustrated and discussed in history books. A few notable highlights include:

Read more here

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Here is the press release for the upcoming Künker February sale 381. Many great coins here. -Editor

The Dr. Eberhard Werther Collection

On 7 February 2023, Künker will auction off the Dr. Eberhard Werther Collection with coins and medals of the German states from the Middle Ages to the 19th century as well as world coins. The focus is on Brunswick.

Read more here

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Here's the press release for Frank Robinson's February 2023 sale. -Editor


Dealer Frank S. Robinson will conduct his 120th mail and internet auction of Ancient and Early Coins with a closing date of February 7. The sale will include 585 lots, low minimum bids, and bids to be reduced as competition permits. Robinson notes that reductions have averaged 15-20% in his recent sales. There is no buyer fee.

Read more here

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Here's a selection of interesting or unusual items I came across in the marketplace this week. Tell us what you think of some of these. -Editor

Charles I Gold Crown
Charles I gold Crown

Charles I gold Crown, mint mark plumes, with pellet either side of crown reverse
Regular price £2,500

Charles I (1625-49), gold Crown, Tower Mint, group C, third elaborate crowned bust left, value V behind, initial mark plumes (1635-36) both sides possibly over bell on reverse, beaded circles and legend surrounding, CAROLVS. D: G: MA: BR: FR: ET. HI: REX., rev. crowned quartered oval shield of arms with frame, pellet either side of crown, C to left, R to right, CVLTORES. SVI. DEVS. PROTEGIT, weight 2.23g (Schneider 240; Brooker 204; N.2183; S.2714). With copper red tone both sides, a little double struck, very fine and a rare variety with the pellets.

The abbreviated Latin legends translate as on obverse "Charles by the grace of God, King of Great Britain, France and Ireland," and on the reverse "God protects his worshippers."

The original pyx trial records show that a total of £337,000 of crown gold was struck under the mint mark plumes a.k.a. feathers at full weight from 23rd June 1630 until 30th June 1631.

From the Sovereign Rarities website. -Editor

To read the complete item description, see:
Charles I gold Crown, mint mark plumes, with pellet either side of crown reverse (

Other topics this week include Joseph II on the Gallows and the Spring Garden Institute. -Editor

Read more here

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No numismatic details here about a find of what looks like Roman bronzes in Romania. -Editor

  Roman coins found in Romania

A Romanian man who went for a stroll to walk off Christmas lunch stumbled on a hoard of 800 Romania coins in western Romania, the state news agency Agerpres reported.

Csaba Koloszvari who made the find at Christmas in a plowed field in the western county of Alba, is already known in the area as a keen amateur detectorist. He found a trove of 100 silver coins this autumn in the nearby town of Ocna Mures.

Read more here

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A BBC News article on the centennial of the Isle of Man's first national museum includes a discussion of an exhibit of the Ballaqualye hoard, the largest single collection found on the island. -Editor

  Ballaqualye hoard found on the Isle of Man

The discovery of Viking silver during building works in Douglas in 1894, part of which ended up being dumped at a tip, fuelled the frustration of one man in particular, Victorian scholar Philip Moore Callow Kermode.

Unbeknownst to those who found it, the Ballaquayle hoard was the largest single collection of Viking silver ever found on the Isle of Man.

Read more here

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David Pickup passed along this article announcing additional Charles III coins. Thank you. -Editor

  2023 commemorative Charless III coins

New coins to celebrate the Windrush Generation, the NHS and the Flying Scotsman train have been revealed.

The coins have been chosen as they will all mark important anniversaries and moments in history next year.

It will also be the first commemorative set to feature the King's official coinage portrait.

The Royal Mint says that all coins made from January 1, 2023 will bear his image.

Read more here

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As a member of the Pittsburgh Numismatic Society I once had the pleasure of meeting Mimi Bizic, a local schoolteacher and collector and promoter of hobo nickels. The recent Vol 31, No 4. issue of Bo Tales from the Original Hobo Nickel Society included a nice article about Mimi and her relationship with Steve Wozniak, the cofounder of Apple Computer. I'd been unaware of that connection. With permission, we're publishing an excerpt here. Thanks to Bo Tales editor Ralph Winter for providing the text and images. -Editor

Mim Bizic After seeing Del’s 1981 COIN WORLD articles on hobo nickels, Mim contacted Del and invited him to come to speak to her class. This was shortly after Mim’s fourth grade class had finished a unit on Numismatics. More could be shared including Del Romines second visit to Mim’s 4th grade class.

I need to share a little more about Mim. Mim had the opportunity to be one of the first teachers to use Apple Computers in the classroom. Through this relationship, she got to know and become friends with Steve Wozniak, one of the founders of Apple.

Read more here

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The Dickin Medal was instituted in 1943 by Maria Dickin to recognize the contribution of animals in war. They are rare and appear on the market infrequently. An example recently surfaced on the Antiques Roadshow. -Editor

  Dickin Medal pigeon appraised

In a resurfaced episode of Antiques Roadshow, Paul Atterbury was presented with a "truly rare" medal which was bestowed upon a pigeon who escaped a plane crash in World War Two and found its way home. The bird was affectionately named Cologne and was the recipient of a Dickin Medal for its bravery. The BBC guest who owned the medal was stunned when she discovered how much it could fetch at auction.

Read more here

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The October 2022 issue of The Clarion from the Pennsylvania Association of Numismatists (PAN) has a nice article by Harry Waterson titled "Off the Table - Onto the Chest" about the very few Congressional Gold Medals with authorized wearable versions. It's a lengthy and well-researched piece. Rather than puzzle out a way to excerpt it somehow for The E-Sylum, I thought we'd treat our readers to some numismatic eye candy - a photo gallery. See the original publication for all the details. Thanks to PAN and Harry for making this available. -Editor

  Congressional Gold Medals: Gallery of Medals with Wearable Versions

Life Saving Table Medal of the First Class

  Life Saving Congressional Medal obverse Life Saving Congressional Medal reverse

Read more here

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George Manz is President of the Regina Coin Club and Fellow of the Royal Canadian Numismatic Association. He passed along this article to mark the 150th Anniversary of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. Thank you. -Editor

In 1973, to commemorate the 100th Anniversary of the founding of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, the Wellings Mint produced 48 Sterling silver as well as 48 bronze medals.

2023 marks the 150th Anniversary of the RCMP so I’d like to share four of the medals that helped define the early days of the North West Mounted Police (NWMP) in the 1870s and 1880s.

The NWMP was founded in 1873 by an Act of the Canadian Parliament shortly after American hunters and wolfers from Montana murdered sleeping First Nations Assiniboines. The purpose of the mounted armed force was to bring law and order to western Canada.

Read more here

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John Ferreri published an article on whaling vignettes on New England state banknotes in the September 2022 issue of NENA News from the New England Numismatic Association. With permission, we're publishing an excerpt here. Thank you, -Editor

“Thar She Blows”: The Whaling Industry of New England Illustrated on State Bank Notes

  Whale Sowamset Bank $100 note
Sowamset Bank $100
Image: Courtesy of the Massachusetts Historical Society

Read more here

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Like Otis Kaye and J.S.G. Boggs before him, a young artist in China has turned his attention to Banknotes, in turn drawing attention from local authorities. -Editor

  Shi Yunlong hand-drawn $100 bill

Handcrafted US banknotes drawn by a young Chinese man were so much like the real thing that he was questioned by police over suspected counterfeiting in an episode that has seen him attract more than a million followers on mainland social media.

Shi Yunlong, 30, has been posting videos on Douyin of himself drawing 1996 and 2013 US$100 bills at his home since September 2021.

Read more here

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Here are some additional items in the media this week that may be of interest. -Editor

Ukrainian Air Assault Forces Challenge Coin

Nick Graver notified me of an article in the Cortland Standard about a relic challenge coin the New York town received in appreciation of firefighting gear it sent to Ukraine. Thanks - great war souvenir. -Editor

  Cortland challenge coin from Ukraine Cortland challenge coin from Ukraine 2

Cortland sent firefighting gear to Ukraine. The Ukrainians it helped sent back a Russian fighter jet, in the form of a challenge coin.

Fashioned from the shrapnel of a jet that was downed in Kyiv …

To read the complete article (subscription required), see:
Council presented with challenge coin after sending gear to Ukraine (,25294)

Other topics this week include the James Smithson Bicentennial Medals, and modern replicas. -Editor

Read more here

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Pete Smith shared these images of Happy New Year cards with coin themes. -Editor

  New Year Cards.02

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