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About Us

The Numismatic Bibliomania Society is a non-profit association devoted to the study and enjoyment of numismatic literature. For more information please see our web site at


Those wishing to become new E-Sylum subscribers (or wishing to Unsubscribe) can go to the following web page link


There is a membership application available on the web site Membership Application

To join, print the application and return it with your check to the address printed on the application. Print/Digital membership is $40 to addresses in the U.S., and $60 elsewhere. A digital-only membership is available for $25. For those without web access, write to:

Charles Heck, Treasurer
Numismatic Bibliomania Society
P. O. Box 2058,
Bluffton, SC


For Asylum mailing address changes and other membership questions, contact Chuck at this email address:


To submit items for publication in The E-Sylum, write to the Editor at this address:


Sale Calendar

Watch here for updates!


Content presented in The E-Sylum is not necessarily researched or independently fact-checked, and views expressed do not necessarily represent those of the Numismatic Bibliomania Society.


Wayne Homren 2017-03-15 full New subscribers this week include: Dan Marrin. Welcome aboard!

Thank you for reading The E-Sylum. If you enjoy it, please send me the email addresses of friends you think may enjoy it as well and I'll send them a subscription. Contact me at anytime regarding your subscription, or questions, comments or suggestions about our content.

This week we open with no new books. What gives? But of course we have updates from the Newman Numismatic Portal, notes from readers, and more.

Other topics this week include Don Taxay, Charles Bushnell, C. Wyllys Betts, ISIS coins, the U.S. Mint archives, fixed price and auction offerings, multiple coin hoards, siege coins, coronation medals, error notes, and panning for gold.

To learn more about Jere L. Bacharach, Rhonda Guess, Pierre Flandin, the NNP Symposium, the Future of Money, the Philadelphia dime heist, Ku Klux Klan tokens, molds, the Scarcity of Living Space medal, the Carson City Mint payroll, Nummis Nova, the American Plantations token, the John Chalmers threepence, and flood gold, read on. Have a great week, everyone!

Wayne Homren
Editor, The E-Sylum

Image of the week

WBNA E-Sylum ad 2023-04-23 Sale 42

JERE L. BACHARACH (1938-2023)

The ANS published this announcement of the passing of Dr. Jere L. Bacharach. -Editor

  Jere L. Bacharach

The ANS Mourns the Loss of Jere L. Bacharach

The American Numismatic Society is deeply saddened to learn of the passing of Dr. Jere L. Bacharach on April 9, 2023. Dr. Bacharach was a long-time member of the Board of Trustees, and an invaluable scholar of the numismatic community and Middle Eastern studies.

Read more here

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The April 2023 NNP Symposium is nearly upon us. The schedule has been finalized. -Editor

  NNP Symposium logo with coins

Sponsored by the Eric P. Newman Numismatic Education Society (EPNNES), the entire event remains free and virtual, open to anyone to attend. New this spring, you can also attend in person at Central States.

Whether virtual or in person, join us on April 27-29 for a great group of numismatic presentations.

If you won't be attending the Central States show in Schaumburg, IL, nothing will change! Every presentation will be livestreamed on Zoom, and you'll be able to ask questions during the Q&A portion. We won't have any overlapping presentations this time, but nothing else will be different from past Symposia.

Read more here

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The latest addition to the Newman Numismatic Portal is correspondence of author Don Taxay. Project Coordinator Len Augsburger provided the following report. -Editor

Don Taxay Correspondence on Newman Portal

The Newman papers are ever stimulating, and the latest addition to the Newman Portal is the Don Taxay correspondence file, running over 200 pages. The file opens in 1961 as Taxay is working on Counterfeit Mis-Struck and Unofficial U.S. Coins (published in 1963), and the two numismatists get into it quickly, discussing the origin of the Continental dollar and the “sixth” 1913 Liberty nickel. Newman must have liked Taxay’s work, as he wrote an enthusiastic review of the book that appeared in the November 1963 Numismatist.

Read more here

Kenny Sammut ANA Election 2023


BIBLE LORE AND THE ETERNAL FLAME —Kenneth Bressett’s latest book is a numismatic and archaeological trip through Biblical times, a roadmap of the Old and New Testaments that explores history through coins. Beautifully illustrated and entertainingly written by a master of the craft. Order your copy online at , or call 1-800-546-2995.


The David Lisot Video Library on the Newman Numismatic Portal can be found at:

Rhonda Guess captioned We highlight one of his videos each week in The E-Sylum. Here's one from 1988 with segments on multiple topics, most hosted by Rhonda Guess who sat in for David. Where is she today? Did she stay in broadcasting? -Editor

Reports on Jacques Luben, Ronald Gillio, Christen Winterstein, Diane Wolf, Art Fields, Murray Church, Brian Williams, Richard Lubbock, David Owen, Singapore International Coin Convention, ANA.

Read more here

Archives International Sale 84b cover front


The next article in this issue opens a new multi-part series with an interesting and remarkable backstory. It started out as a series of articles by Joel Orosz in our print journal, The Asylum. That's interesting to many of us and worth remarking on, but the really interesting part is the journey from there to here.

I initially suggested the idea to Joel as an excerpt from the articles, in order to give readers of The E-Sylum a taste of the great product they're missing out on if they're not members of the Numismatic Bibliomania Society. Joel was on board, but there was a parallel effort that would eventually combine with this one.

Read more here

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Here's the first of three summaries of articles by Joel Orosz on Bushnell’s Compendium Catalog, originally published in our print journal, The Asylum. While The E-Sylum is free to all, only paid members of NBS receive The Asylum. To join, see .

This one opens with Joel's introduction. -Editor


  ChatGPT Summary of “Associations” Columns
On Bushnell’s Compendium Catalog
Published in The Asylum

Read more here

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Michael S. Fey writes:

"You never know what a day brings.

"A friend asked me to stop over to the unveiling of a 102 year old time capsule cemented into a cornerstone of the Little Falls, NJ National Bank. They were having an opening ceremony to unveil its contents.

"With nothing better to do on a beautiful sunny Sunday, I took a ride to the Little Falls Civic Center. There, I met an old collectible friend, who introduced me to the President of the Little Falls Historical Society. There were about 50 residents of Little Falls in attendance, half a dozen NJ police, and the local news.

"Next thing I know, I was given a pair of latex gloves, and a microphone and was asked to be MC in unveiling the contents of the time capsule along with my appraisal of the value of the nearly 100 old coins unveiled (U.S. half cents, large cents, half dimes, dimes, bust quarters and bust halves), some dating back to 350 BC!

"Coins, paper money, medals and tokens and rare old original documents with signatures from 1920-1921 about Little Falls were brought to light after 102 years!

What fun!"

Read more here

  Stacks-Bowers E-Sylum ad 2023-04-23 Consign


This week Ray Czahor published additional remembrances of our friend Howard A. Daniel III. Thank you. -Editor

Ray writes:

Howard Daniel speaking at PNNA 2014 "Wow, this is getting scary! David Lange and now Howard Daniel, both friends of Philippine Collectors.

"Howard and I both served in Vietnam at Tan Son Nhut AB at the same time in 1968-1969 but didn’t know each other then. Met back in the States at a coin show somewhere in the 1990’s. Howard was a good guy to young collectors and gave away hundreds of pounds of coins and paper money to them at show across the country.

"Howard had some Philippine coins which he consigned to me years ago and I included in my Mailbids over the years. As John says below he studied coins and paper money of Southeast Asia countries and published books about them. He was the expert!

"He was married to a Vietnamese woman and half the year lived in Vietnam and half the year here in the US. I will miss Howard like David."

Read more here



Discovering the Inspiration for the Baldwin Vaquero $10

  Vaquero & Horse 1850 $10 Baldwin obverse
In response to Cary Bown's question on who discovered the connection between the "Californians Throwing the Lasso" print and the Baldwin Vaquero $10 coin design, John Kraljevich writes:

"I wrote the article on the Horseman $10 design and I made that initial discovery.

"Coins have always just been a part of a bigger picture for me, and I've always loved rare books and manuscripts (and followed those markets carefully).

"I encountered Beechey in a rare book catalogue, emitted an expletive, showed it to others in the ANR office (John Pack and Frank Van Valen were probably first), then to Dave Bowers, then wrote the article.

"The "30 points of congruence" bit doesn't sound like me and I don't recognize it. But I definitely wrote several descriptions for auction catalogues that incorporated that information after the excitement of the discovery."

Congratulations on the discovery. Thanks for the confirmation! This is one of the things I love about The E-Sylum - interactions among many great people and authoritative answers from those in the know on so many interesting and varied topics. Great question, great answer. -Editor

To read the earlier E-Sylum article, see:

Other topics this week include the Philadelphia Dime Heist, and Comb and Spiral Bindings. -Editor

Read more here

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  ISIS Copper 25 Fils
Copper 25 Fils

Read more here

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Adrian Gonzalez Salinas writes to ask about copies of the first printing of the 2nd edition of Ku Klux Klan Tokens by D. E. Birdsell (1981). -Editor

  Birdsell KKK Token  - 2nd Edition

Last 28 February 2023 was auctioned on eBay the "Ku Klux Klan Tokens" 2nd Edition (1981) by D. E. Birdsell (1920-1998). but the eBay's lot also contained a letter signed by D. E. Birdsell requesting his buyers of the second edition of his catalog to destroy the first printing of his publication. Here is a portion of D. E. Birdsell's letter to his customers:

Read more here

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Researcher Roger Burdette does what everyone researching the history of U.S. coinage OUGHT to do, but rarely actually does - look for primary documentation in the records of the U.S. Mint. The National Archives holds a gold mine of information, but few expend the considerable time and effort required to get it. Roger's two-part series on CoinWeek explores why the chore is so difficult and how he goes about tackling the problem. Here's an excerpt - see the complete articles online. -Editor


The National Archives and Records Administration – NARA for short – holds millions of pages of letters, accounts, orders, design information and daily records, yet out of this mass of material, modern books only scrape the surface.

Read more here

  MDC Monaco E-Sylum ad 2023-03-12 Auction 2023-04


Here's another entry from Dick Johnson's Encyclopedia of Coin and Medal Terminology. -Editor

Mold, Molding. The matrix containing the cavities to form a cast piece, and the process of producing that piece. The material to form the casting must be molten, the mold must be capable of sustaining heat and holding the form until the molten material solidifies. There are several kinds of molds, they differ in what they are made of and what they produce. Also molds can be used for only a single cast, these differ from production run casting, where a permanent mold is made often of two or more metal parts for repeated use. The use of molds for medallic production is rather limited, many types of molds have little concern to this field.

Read more here


Here's the second of two articles on C. Wyllys Betts by E-Sylum Feature Writer and American Numismatic Biographies author Pete Smith. Thanks! -Editor

  Charles Wyllys Betts -The Last Twenty Years

When he graduated from Yale in 1867, Charles Wyllys Betts had no way of knowing that his productive life would be cut short in less than twenty years. His unfinished works were left for others to complete. Such efforts are continuing in 2023.

While at Yale, Betts was a member of Skull and Key, a society so secret I can’t mention it. After graduating with a B.A. from Yale College, he went on to law school at Columbia in New York, graduating with LL.B. in 1869 and was admitted to the bar. He then did post-graduate study at Yale College until receiving an M.A. in 1871.

Read more here

  Nautical E-Sylum ad 2023-04-23


Greg Bennick's latest interview for the Newman Numismatic Portal is with author, researcher and Numismatic Detective Ron Guth. Here's the third part, where Ron talks abotu his numismatic detective work. -Editor

  Ron Guth interviewed for NNP title card

Greg Bennick: Have there been any specific coins that you've been most excited about finding or connecting to their history? And the reason I ask that is because about ten years ago or so, I was thumbing through a Heritage catalog and I found an error coin in a Heritage catalog, a photo of it, and my mind immediately jumped to a book on error coins, which had come out in the early seventies and a photo in that book of a coin that I'd coveted when I was a kid. And I went, “Wait a minute, that's not only like the coin, that is the coin from the early seventies in that book,” and I ended up bidding on and buying the coin. And whether anyone else in the world would care, I'm not sure, but I was so excited about it that that's the coin…can’t you see this everybody?! (laughs) So are there any victories like that along the way that you've experienced and made connections that you're really excited about?

Read more here

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Atlas Numismatics has updated their website with 251 new coins, medals, and tokens at fixed prices. Selections include the following items. -Editor

Read more here

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Numismagram's Jeremy Bostwick sent these four medals that were among his recent addition of new material to his site. For all of the new items, please visit -Editor

  Pope Leo XIII medal

Read more here

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Here's the press release for Classical Numismatic Group's Auction 123, closing May 23-24, 2023. -Editor

A rare silver stater from the birthplace of the Olympic Games in Greece, a spectacular bronze medallion of the Roman Emperor Maximian, an extremely rare silver piece struck by the last Byzantine Emperor, and a high-grade gold sovereign of Queen Elizabeth I highlight a star-studded offering of more than 1,100 exceptional ancient Greek, Roman, Byzantine, World and British coins in Classical Numismatic Group’s Feature Auction 123, to be held live an online May 23-34.

  CNG Sale 123 Lot 099 Olympia stater

Lot 99, the Olympia stater, was struck between 268 and 252 BC at the ancient site of the Olympic games in Elis, a region of central Greece, depicts a bold portrait of Zeus, king of the Greek pantheon of deities, on the obverse and an eagle clutching a serpent in its talons on the reverse. “This wonderful coin is one of only three known specimens of its type, and has an outstanding pedigree to the famous Robert Jameson and Clarence Bement collections, with an original auction sale date in 1910,” said Gasvoda.

Read more here

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A number of Carson City Mint coins are in the upcoming Holabird auction. In an email to clients this week, the company highlighted some interesting CC mint ephemera from earlier sales. Did any of these end up in your collection? -Editor

  Carson City Mint 1866
Carson City Mint, 1866, Courtesy of Library of Congress

Read more here

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Davisson's is holding a sale closing May 17th 2023. Here's a short sale summary by Allan Davisson. -Editor

Davisson E-Sylum ad E-Auction-46 Most collections have “odds-and-ends” that have been acquired along the way—early acquisitions, impulse buys, exploring different collecting directions. One of the great appeals of coin collecting is the almost limitless variety that is available. There are many different reasons why most coin collections include runs or groups of less expensive material after all the main items have been accounted for.

Some of this catalog reflects this. Nearly a third of the sale is from the Pat Zabel collection that anchored our major March sale. Several gold pieces, Greek and Roman coins, Saxon material along with more Spanish American material, coins of Guatemala, a few scarce Mexican Revolutionary pieces and more. All of these are coins that he chose carefully acquiring high quality examples of pieces that have moderate catalog values. There are condition rarities here—low value coins can be particularly difficult for collectors to find simply because they don’t command the attention that major rarities enjoy.

Greek coins from several well put-together collections that we introduced in the March sale anchor the ancient section of the sale. Day-to-day base metal coins of the ancient eras are also represented with appealing examples from other consignments, most notably the special Roman Republic denarii.

Read more here

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Garrett Mid-American E-Sylum Mary Lynn ANA Election


Library Mini-Fest
April's been a busy month. Last Saturday I hosted Jonas Denenberg and Kellen Hoard for a visit to see my numismatic library. In preparation I'd worked to organize a few last boxes of unsorted ephemera. The pair arrived at the recently opened Metro station after 11am and we went to a local Indian restaurant for a nice lunch.

Here's a photo taken prior to the visit, before we started pulling books and binders from the shelves for show-and-tell.

  Homren Numismatic Library 2023-04

Read more here

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Paul Horner passed along this story of a nice hoard of Roman denarii found in Italy. Thanks. -Editor

Roman denarii found in Italy 1 A hoard of 175 silver coins unearthed in a forest in Italy may have been buried for safe keeping during a Roman civil war.

The coins seem to date from 82 B.C., the year the Roman general Lucius Cornelius Sulla fought a bloody war across Italy against his enemies among the leaders of the Roman Republic, which resulted in Sulla's victory and his ascension as dictator of the Roman state.

Read more here

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An interesting Roman gold coin found near Pompeii made headlines after an auction recently. The piece has a remarkable history and provenance. -Editor

Claudius Gold Aurius found near Pompeii A perfectly-preserved Roman coin celebrating Emperor Claudius’s conquest of Britain has sold at auction for £18,000 after being discovered from the ashes of Pompeii. The gold aureus celebrating the conquest in AD 43 was uncovered among the ruins of a suburb five kilometres north of the archaeological site in southern Italy’s Campania region.

Experts say they are hardly surprised the coin, born from two of the most dramatic events of the Ancient World, fetched such an eye-watering price at auction. The “breathtaking” history of the small coin saw it contested over by collectors and museums across Europe.

Read more here


AUTHORS AND PUBLISHERS: Are your books carried by Wizard Coin Supply? If not, contact us via with details.


Dennis Tucker writes:

"I just read this article and saw its mention of a coin being used to tentatively identify the sitter of this bust."

  Roman bust of Sextus Pompey

Very cool. Thanks. Here's an excerpt from the article. Love the photo of the bust riding in a passenger seat. -Editor

Read more here

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This week's viral coin story was this find near a Viking fortress site in Denmark. Paul Horner was the first to pass it along. Thanks also to Michael Kodysz, Ken Spindler, Arthur Shippee, Howard Berlin, Pablo Hoffman, and John Lupia. -Editor

  Viking coins found in Denmark

Nearly 300 silver coins believed to be more than 1,000 years old have been discovered near a Viking fortress site in northwestern Denmark, a museum said Thursday.

The rare trove -- lying in two spots not far apart -- was unearthed by a young girl who was metal detecting in a cornfield last autumn.

"A hoard like this is very rare," Lars Christian Norbach, director of the North Jutland museum where the artefacts will go on display, told AFP.

Read more here

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Mike Markowitz published an article on the history of siege coins for CoinWeek. Here are a couple of coins that caught my eye. See the complete article online. -Editor

THE LATIN WORD for “siege” is obsidium, so numismatists use the term “obsidional” to describe emergency coins improvised by authorities in cities under siege. Cut off from normal monetary circulation, these towns needed to pay the troops manning the walls, as they struggled to maintain normal commercial activity. Siege coins are highly collectible pieces of the past, although they present many challenges to collectors.

Read more here

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Dick Hanscom passed along this Daily Mail article about a controversy over some special commemorative Coronation medals. Thanks. -Editor

King Charles is said to be furious that some members of the Armed Forces and the police may miss out on special commemorative Coronation medals.

Details of the medal were expected to have been announced by now, but a row over Government funding is said to be holding up plans.

There are fears that the cost of decorating hundreds of thousands of uniformed personnel could run to £35million – and that there is not enough metal to do it.

Read more here

  CNG E-Sylum Ad Auction 123


How about this announcement about a never-produced medal of Charles from the time of his mother's coronation in 1953? -Editor

Coronation Medal of Charles – but 1953

Prince Charles 1953 Ahead of the King’s Coronation on 6th May, the Department of Coins and Medals at the British Museum has purchased from numismatic consultant Daniel Fearon, a bronzed galvano of a medal of the King that was intended to be a speculative issue by Messrs John Pinches at the time of his mother’s Coronation in 1953. The company used several portraits of the Queen on the various medals they had been commissioned to strike but, it would seem, there was little commercial interest in a medal of Prince Charles.

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PMG published an interesting article about multiple impression errors. Here's an excerpt - see the complete article online. -Editor

Paper Money Guaranty® (PMG®) is the world’s leading authority on banknote errors, a popular segment of numismatics. In Error Note Chronicles, we take an in-depth look at different errors. This month’s topic is the Multiple Impression Error. Banknotes are printed in sheets in several stages, with ink being applied to one side at a time. Sometimes, more than one print is applied to a particular side of a sheet; for instance, the serial numbers on US currency are printed on the sheet separately from the main design.

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This year's heavy winter storms sent water blasting through rocks and rivers in the Sierra Nevada, making a banner spring for California gold seekers. Here's an excerpt from a New York Times article. -Editor

Gold flecks in pan An amateur gold seeker, Mr. Fausel used his gloved fingers to sweep aside the sand and gravel at the bottom of the creek and then, still under water, let out a cry that was audible through the tube of his snorkel: “Woooo-hoo-hoooo!”

He emerged with what gold seekers call a picker — not quite a nugget, but big enough to pinch in your fingers — and he delicately handed the glinting object to his fellow prospector, a friend with a long white beard who goes by Uncle Fuzzy. In just 20 minutes of rooting around the creek bed, Mr. Fausel had found about $100 worth of gold.

Read more here

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